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‘Central varsities discriminate most against STs, SCs’

New Delhi, Sep 20 (Agencies)
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Published on 21 Sep. 2013 12:22 AM IST
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Asian Centre for Human Rights (ACHR) in its report, “India’s Unfinished Agenda for Inclusion: A study on denial of reservation to the tribals in the government services and posts” (http://www.achrweb.org/reports/india/UnfinishedAgenda.pdf) released Friday stated that the scheduled tribes (STs) are the most deprived in government employment.

As of May 8, 2013, the maximum number of backlog vacancies with the central government was 12,195 posts for the STs, followed by 8,332 posts for the other backward classes (OBCs) and 6,961 posts for the scheduled castes (SCs).

The ACHR report also said 101 crimes were committed daily against SCs and STs during the period from 2001 to 2012.

The report pointed out that central universities had discriminated the most against STs and SCs.
According to information provided by University Grants Commission (UGC) under the Right to Information Act, the representation of STs in the post of professors has come down from 3.88% (46 STs against total of 1,187 professors) in 2006-07 to 0.24% (4 STs against total sanctioned posts of 1,667 professors) in 2010-11; from 1.03% (18 STs against total of 1,744 Readers) in 2006-2007 to 0.32% (10 STs against total sanctioned posts of 3,155 Readers) in 2010-11 in the post of readers; and from 4.43% (129 STs against total of 2,914 Lecturers) in 2006-07 to 3.63% (193 STs against total posts of 5,317) in 2010-11 in the post of Lecturers.

In fact, there is better representation of the STs in the top echelons of the central government than in the central universities.

During 2010-11, at the level of the secretary to the central government, the representation of the STs was 2.68% while representation of the STs at the level of professor in the central universities was mere 0.24%.

During the same period, at the level of the additional secretary and joint secretary to the government of India, the combined representation of the STs was 2.5% while the representation of the STs at the level of readers in the central universities was mere 0.32%, the study found.

“The data provided by the UGC shows that India’s higher educational institutions remain the most casteist, possibly a reflection of the opposition to the reservation policy,” said Suhas Chakma, director of ACHR.

He, said, “The caste system is the root cause of economic, social and political exclusion, and the reservation policy is an attempt to ensure inclusion of those who from time immemorial have been excluded and subjected to violence. However, there is no improvement in the situation.”

Quoting the Parliamentary Standing Committee on the Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes’s  24th report titled “Reservation for and employment of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT)”, ACHR said, “Every year a good number of SC/ST candidates qualify (pass) the examination for promotion but only a handful are promoted by the CBDT and despite having SC/ ST candidates who are eligible for promotion posts, the CBDT has been depriving these candidates of rightful promotion.”

Referring to National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) records, the ACHR report said the a total of 4,40,691crimes were committed against the SCs and the STs from 2001to 2012, which implied at least 101 crimes were committed every day against the SCs and the STs during that period.

“The figures of the NCRB are only the tip of the iceberg as most crimes against the SCs and the STs are not reported to and/or registered by the police.

That the Rajya Sabha passed the Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Bill, 2013 only on 7th September, 2013 reflects how far away India is from addressing caste specific tasks and caste based discrimination,” said Chakma.

 
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