Asian Centre for Human Rights in its report, “India’s Hell Holes: Child Sexual Assault in Juvenile Justice Homes” has said there were 48,338 child rape cases registered from 2001 to 2011 with 336% increase of child rape cases during the same period.
ACHR in its report on child sexual assault in India’s juvenile justice homes submitted in advance to the UN special rapporteur on violence against women, Rashida Manjoo who is visiting India from April 22 to May 1 said sexual offences against children in India have been committed in the juvenile justice homes run and aided by the government of India.
The 56-page report, citing National Crimes Record Bureau statistics, stated that a total of 48,338 child rape cases was recorded from 2001 to 2011 and India saw an increase of 336% of child rape cases from 2001 (2,113 cases) to 2011 (7,112 cases).
The report said these cases were just the tip of the iceberg as the large majority of child rape cases were not reported to the police.
Madhya Pradesh recorded the highest number of child rape cases with 9,465 cases from 2011 to 2011; followed by Maharashtra with 6,868 cases; Uttar Pradesh with 5,949 cases; Andhra Pradesh with 3,977 cases and others. The lowest number has been recorded in Daman and Diu with 9 cases only.
In the Northeast states, Nagaland recorded the lowest with just 38 cases while Tripura registered the highest with 457 followed by Meghalaya with 452 and Assam with 316 cases respectively. (See Table)
ACHR director Suhas Chakma said juvenile justice homes, established to provide care and protection “…have become India’s hell holes where inmates are subjected to sexual assault and exploitation, torture and ill treatment apart from being forced to live in inhuman conditions.”
The report also highlighted 39 cases of systematic and often repeated sexual assault on children in juvenile justice homes. Out of the 39 cases, 11 cases were reported from government-run juvenile justice homes. The remaining 27 cases were reported from privately/NGO run juvenile justice homes.
In the case of government-run juvenile justice homes, the perpetrators were staffs including the caretakers, security guards, cooks and other Class IV employees, and the senior inmates. In two cases, the sexual abuses were committed by the senior inmates in collusion with the staff.
With respect to the privately/NGO-run juvenile justice homes, the perpetrators include managers/directors/owners/founders and their relatives and friends, staff members such as caretakers, wardens, cooks, drivers, security guards, gatekeepers, senior inmates and outsiders including security forces.