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Manipur most corrupt
IFP: Imphal, 20 Jul 2008
Published on 21 Jul. 2008 1:54 AM IST
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Manipur is among the four states of India which reported “very high corruption” standards while the neighbouring state of Nagaland is among the six states in the “high corruption” category in terms of payment of bribes, according to a survey report of the Transparency International India which also says that India`s poorest are being forced to pay bribes to ensure their children go to school.
The Transparency International India-CMS survey that looked at corruption in India`s school education sector, specially focusing on below poverty line (BPL) households settled in rural India said that Jammu and Kashmir, Manipur, Assam and Madhya Pradesh reported “very high corruption” standards while Chandigarh, Delhi, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan and Nagaland were put in the “high corruption” category.
States like Orissa, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura and West Bengal, despite figuring way below in the country`s Educational Development Index, reported “moderate” corruption, “thanks to active citizenry or social pressure”.
According to the report, on an average, a BPL household had to pay Rs. 171 as bribe in the last one year related to school education of their children.
While looking at states with moderate or high corruption in the school education sector, the level of corruption in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Meghalaya and Goa was found to be “alarming”.
More than one-fourth (28 percent) of BPL households across the country felt that there was corruption in school education, while 41 percent felt that there was no corruption in school education in the last one year.
Issuing school-leaving certificate was another lucrative business for corrupt school authorities. However, the amount bribed was highest when it came for allotment of hostels. In comparison, a higher proportion of urban BPL households (40 percent) paid bribe for new admission and issuance of certificate as against rural areas (33 percent).
On the other hand, a higher proportion of rural BPL households (32 percent) paid bribe for promotion of their children from one class to another as against urban households (28 percent). The same is the case in applying for scholarship where 12 percent rural BPL families paid bribe compared to 3 percent urban BPL households. Of those who paid bribe, 86 percent paid it directly to officials of the school while 12 percent paid it through middlemen.

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