National tobacco control programme (NTCP) Nagaland, in collaboration with the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the ministry of health & family welfare (MoH & FW) would be organising a one day state level advocacy workshop to sensitize for effective implementation of the Act on May 27 at Zonal hall, Kohima.
According to an official bulletin, the exercise would involve diverse stakeholders, officials from the state government departments (health, police, school education, higher education, information technology & technical education, transport, municipal authorities, rural development, food & drug administration, taxes & excise, forest, tourism, industry, social welfare, youth resources & sports, women development, law & justice etc), likewise from the central government departments CRPF, Assam Rifles, BSF, railways, airports authority of India, Representatives from academic institutions and civil society organisations.
The Advocacy workshop would aim to help sensitize and build upon strong synergistic action by all concerned on tobacco control laws in the state.
India was one of the first countries that ratified the treaty in 2004. Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) identified key strategies for reduction of demand and reduction of supply like, complete ban on advertising and sponsorship, sale of tobacco products to and by minors, complete ban on smoking in public places, health warnings including pictorial warnings on tobacco products, mass media campaigns, controlling illicit trade/smuggling progressively raising taxes and looking at alternative employment opportunities and alternate cropping.
Ministry of health & family welfare, government of India has introduced cigarettes and other tobacco products (prohibition of advertisement & regulation of trade and commerce, production, supply & distribution) Act 2003. The Act would be applicable to all products containing tobacco in any form (cigarettes, cigars, cheroots, bides, gutka, pan masala, khaini, mawa, mishri, snuff) extending to whole of India.
The main provisions of the Act are prohibition of smoking in public places (section-4); prohibition of advertisement, promotion & sponsorship of tobacco products (section-5); Ban on sale of tobacco products to and by minors (below the age of 18 yrs), (section-6); ban on sale within an area of 100 yards of any educational institutions. (Section-6 b); mandatory depiction of pictorial health warnings on tobacco products packs (section-7); and mandatory depiction of Tar and Nicotine content and its permissible limits (SECTION-11).
As per GSPS 2003, NFHS-2, DHFW oral disease surveillance 2007, tobacco is the leading preventable cause of death in the world. It causes 1 in 10 deaths among adults worldwide. The latest round of national family health survey-III, 2005-06 indicates an increasing prevalence of tobacco consumption in India with 57% males and 10.9% females reported to be consuming tobacco in some form or the other. In Nagaland alone, 67.9% males and 28.1 % females use tobacco in one form or the other.