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Mizoram’s potential seen in carbon trading
Published on 11 May. 2009 12:03 AM IST
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Mizoram has been identified as a state having huge potential in carbon trading, thanks to its vast forest reserve. The Mizoram Industries Department has teamed up with Electronic Test & Development Centre (ETDC), Union government, Guwahati and Mumbai-based Intrux System Pvt Ltd to calculate carbon footprint in Mizoram. ‘’Mizoram has a huge potential for carbon trading. Currently, the ETDC will calculate the carbon footprint in Mizoram. This will determine our participation in the carbon trading. Equipment worth Rs two crore is all set to arrive here soon,’’ Mizoram Industries Department Director, Lalroding told UNI here today. ‘’Carbon footprint is the total set of GHG (greenhouse gas) emissions caused directly and indirectly by an individual, organisation, event or product,’’ she explained. According to forest officials, Mizoram manages to be the greenest state in India despite the large-scale deforestation through the jhumming cultivation. ‘’With 88.34 per cent forest covered area, against the national average of 33 per cent, Mizoram has the largest forest in India,’’ environment and forest officials said. Of the 88.63 per cent forest, as much as 58.72 per cent is open forest, they added. Carbon credits are awarded to countries or groups that have reduced their green house gases below their emission quota. Carbon credits can be traded in the international market at their current market price. In India, Orissa has already earned revenues from carbon trading while in the North East, Mizoram is the first state to take such initiatives. Mizoram Pollution Control Board Chairman Dunglena said, ‘’The carbon credit system was ratified in conjunction with the Kyoto Protocol. Its goal is to stop the increase of carbon dioxide emissions.’’ For example, if an environmentalist group plants enough trees to reduce emissions by one tonne, it will be awarded a credit. If a steel producer has an emissions quota of 10 tonnes, but expects to produce 11 tonnes, it could purchase this carbon credit from the environmental group. Dunglena suggested that all the villages of Mizoram are urbanised into around 20 towns, leaving larger space for green forest to reduce our carbon emission. ‘’Carbon credits are paid in Euros. The revenue we will earn from carbon credits will surely make up for what we lose for not exploiting our forest for the sake of shifting cultivation,’’ he hoped.

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