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Outbreak of cerebral malaria in Dimapur; 10 fatalities so far
Staff Reporter Dimapur, Aug 17(NPN):
Published on 18 Aug. 2009 1:04 AM IST
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Outbreak of cerebral malaria has been reported in parts of Dimapur district since the month of May till date during which, ten have died, with the latest being a jawan of the IRB from Chumukedima. According to MS Dimapur Civil Hospital Dr Sukhato Sema, cerebral malaria normally shows up during May to September. Cerebral malaria caused by Plasmodium Falciparum through Anopheles mosquito has broken out mainly in the foothills bordering Assam,Dhansiripar and Intangki areas. Most of those afflicted were from these areas which are endemic spots he said. Health authorities with Malaria department are carrying out DDT spraying in various colonies in Dimapur where malaria outbreak was reported The mosquito plasmodium falciparum causes cerebral (brain) malaria and is more fatal than malaria caused by plasmodium vivax. In cerebral malaria, the infected red cells obstruct the blood vessels in the brain. Other vital organs can also be damaged often leading to the death of the patient Most strains of malaria can be treated with chloroquine, but P. falciparum has developed resistance to this treatment. A combination of quinine and tetracycline has also been used, but there are strains of P. falciparum that have grown resistant to this treatment as well.

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