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Meghalaya ranks 26th positions in HDI
Correspondent SHILLONG, OCT 12:
Published on 12 Oct. 2009 11:23 PM IST
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The Human Development Index (HDI) in Meghalaya continues to be awful with the state ranks poorly at 26th position among the 36 states and union territories. According to the first Meghalaya Human Development Report (MHDR) 2008-09 released by Chief Minister DD Lapang, the state’s position in level of HDI further deteriorated from a rank of 24th in 1991 to 26th in 2001. “The HDI implies the rate of development is slower than the rate in most of the states and hence many states have improved their ranking while Meghalaya has lagged behind,” the MHDR stated. The report prepared by state government in consultation with academician from various institutes took six years for compiling. In the report, the HDI suggested that there has been stagnation or no development in Meghalaya. There has been improvement of growth from 1981 to 2005 in the spheres of education and income, it stated. However, Meghalaya showed a better performance than Assam and Arunachal Pradesh only, while other states – Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura showed higher achievements in human development in 1991. On the health sector, the health status in the state do not show a happy picture with the infant mortality rate continues to remained more or less constant in the recent years. In 2007, the IMR is 52.28 per 1000 live births with South Garo Hills district recorded the highest IMR with 102.01 per live births among the seven districts of the state, the report stated. However, Meghalaya recorded the highest birth rate of 24.7 per cent and also the highest death rate of 8.0 among the Northeastern states. The report also suggested the state government the need to augment the standards of public services – education, healthcare, water supply, sanitation, housing among others, besides improvement of health care services, increasing the number of quality schools and skill development centres, developing alternative and sustainable models and means of livelihood and participatory development strategies.

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