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Generational rule in Noksen village
Correspondent NOKSEN (TUENSANG), JAN 8 (NPN):
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Published on 9 Jan. 2010 12:37 AM IST
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Carrying on the unique practice of village rule by different generations, Noksen village in Tuensang held the handing over of village rule to a new generation after performing all the required rituals in the village on Thursday. The Mopung Sangi Generation after ruling Noksen village for the last 22 years handed over the reign to the Senjoi Sangi Generation at an impressive function held a the village on Thursday. Noksen village, the home town of the lone Lok Sabha MP C M Chang and also Congress MLA, H Chuba Chang is the only Chang village that practices the system of the rule of generations (Mutthen) along with the neighbouring Ao villages. State minister for forest and environment & excise M.C Konyak who graced the occasion as the chief guest termed the practice of generation rule by Noksen village as “very unique” among the Nagas and admitted he was surprised that such practice existed. He encouraged that the practice be demonstrated during the annual Hornbill festival of the state. Congratulating the Senjoi Sangi known as ‘generation of wealth’, for taking over the rule of the village, Konyak called for the need to preserve culture. He said that a village was the premium of the society and that keeping village administration in culture would assimilate modern administration. DC, Tuensang Y.L Jami who was the guest of honour earlier also termed the generation rule system as unique and technical. He said that the generation rule system might be very traditional but could switch over to modernity. Earlier, the crowned head of the generation, I. Tongpangli Khushaubou delivered the welcome address while Ao Yemen Chang, member of the cabinet shared the significance and history of the generations. According to the practices by Noksen villagers, there are four generation cycles which rule the village for 22 years on rotation basis by a group of 86 selected persons from the same generation group in the village. The group consists of 20 cabinet members (Sutovi) headed by a crowned head, a deputy, recorder, six trustees, two ambassadors (Tangatai) and 58 soldiers (Yaben). The functions of the two ambassadors are to keep friendly relations with the neighbouring villages and act as mediators in time of war and strife. The four generations consist of Yemo Sangi Mutthen known as the generation of peace and harmony, Noklang Khangi known as warrior generation, Mopung Sangi known as the generation of wind and the Senjoi Sangi known as the generation of wealth. The generation that rule the village control over the entire affairs of the village including both external and internal such as defence, offence, boundary, forest, river, community fishing and hunting, clearing path, building roads and bridges, wild fire, burning of fields and matters related to fire fight in case of necessity. The rituals during ascension of generation include compulsory construction of a generation platform using odd numbers of split bamboos. The generation platform is restricted even to be touched by any other citizen of the village other than the cabinet on the occasion. On the occasion, each member of the generation deposits three pieces of meat as membership fee which were distributed among the new team of cabinet which they later share with the kinsmen. Another significance of the day include sharing of food between the two best friends from among the generation and also clearing path and going round the village six times and merrymaking the whole night that follows.

 
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