A total sanitation campaign conducted by Angami Women Organization (AWO) at Piphema and Socunoma villages addressed the need to stop open defecation to prevent major killer diseases like diarrhoea, typhoid, cholera and other diseases.
Human excreta is the main source of spreading major killer diseases where children are most vulnerable and, therefore the practice of open defecation must be discontinued as early as possible by each and every household in the villages by way of constructing a toilet for family members, said vice President AWO and resource person Salhoutono Kruse.
The AWO also stressed that as long as some households in villages continue defecating in the open, all members of that village would continue to have food and water contaminated through flies and other agents coming from human excreta lying in the open.
The campaign has been addressing issues relating to practice of hand washing with soap after defecation and before meals, keeping house and surrounding clean through construction of kitchen soak pit, compost pit and recycling of non biodegradable matters and facilities available with the Government including Nirmal Gram Puraskar which is a National Award (which is given in cash) given to all fully sanitized villages.
Currently, Angami Women Organization (AWO) is holding sanitation campaign programs in many selected Angami villages with the support of the Communication and Capacity Development Unit (CCDU), PHED. The CCDU has drawn up various program for training of trainers and informed subsequent campaign through women bodies in all other districts of the State in phase manner that focused on need of looking at Sanitation as foundation for health, dignity and development and currently interacting with villagers all across the villages in Angami area.
Further it also pointed out that India aims to achieve full sanitation coverage by year 2012 ( i.e “Clean villages” by 2012) and the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals (MDG) formulated in the year 2000 A.D aims to half the proportion of people in the world ( approx. 2.4 billion ) without access to sanitation by the year 2015.
Meanwhile, as part of the ongoing HIV and AIDS awareness program undertaken by AWO and supported by NSACS, campaign programs were recently conducted in four villages in Chakhroma area – Piphema, Socunoma, Medziphema village and Chumukedima town from January 25.
The Campaign addressed issues regarding basic facts of HIV and AIDS - what it is, causes, preventive measures to control HIV and AIDS, clarifying the wrong understanding of HIV and AIDS, not to discriminate a positive person but to help him / her live a healthy and longer life, facilities available with Government etc. The trainers who had trained from training of Trainers (TOT) of NSACS were resource persons in the campaign programs.