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Women sex ratio in Gujarat on decline
AHMEDABAD, MAR 7 (agencies):
Published on 7 Mar. 2010 11:34 PM IST
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As the fairer sex across the world is gearing up to celebrate the centenary year of the International Women’s Day on March 8, great concern is being expressed over the declining sex-ratio in Gujarat, the fifth urbanised state in India. ‘’The state’s sex ratio, (females per 1000 males) has reduced significantly from 934 in 1991 to 920 in 2001. Tapi district has the highest sex ratio of 996, while Surat has the lowest sex ratio of 810,’’ said the socio-economic review report for 2009-10 presented in the ongoing budget session of Gujarat Assembly. According to the 2001 census report, the sex ratio at national level was 933. The next census is scheduled in 2011. In 1901, the state’s sex ratio was calculated at 954, which declined to 940 in 1961, one year after the state came into existence with the bifurcation of Bombay state on May 1, 1960. At the last count, Gujarat’s population was reported at 5.07 crore, which is 5.96 per cent of the total population in India. The decadel population growth during 1991-2001 was 22.66 per cent. The highest decadel growth rate was recorded 54.30 per cent in Surat district and the lowest 6.50 per cent in Amreli district, said the report. Ranked seventh largest state in the country, Gujarat’s population density was 211 persons per sq km in 1991 which had increased to 258 persons in 2001. It is still lower than the national population density of 325 persons per sq km. Gujarat ranked 15th among the states in population density. Nearly, 37.36 per cent population of the state reside in urban areas. The district of Ahmedabad is the most urbanised district in the state with more than 80 per cent population residing in urban areas, while the tribal-dominated district of the Dangs is a fully rural area having no urban population. Gujarat’s literacy rate rose to 69.14 per cent in 2001 from 31.47 per cent in 1961, while national literacy rate in 2001 was estimated at 64.84 per cent, the report said.

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