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Lexicons in Naga politics
Staff Reporter Dimapur, Apr 11(NPN)
Published on 12 Apr. 2010 12:31 AM IST
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Statements made on several occasions pertaining to the negotiation on the Naga political parleys with the government of India has left some political observers wondering what these lexicons mean in practical reality.
Often, solution was suffixed with ‘honorable’ and ‘acceptable to all’ as a popular phrase which these observers say only revealed a lack of clarity.
According to an official, a solution with honor could be interpreted in several ways, depending on the understanding by both negotiating parties. Again, solution that was ‘acceptable to all’ would also require that every section of Naga society agreed. The source opined that it was difficult to foresee ‘all sections’ including various factions give their assent to an agreement which they were not participants.
A senior politician also said the thesis of ‘shared sovereignty’ as propounded does not relate to the reality. He said India has a federal structure and the constitution vests three categories of powers-Centre, State and Concurrent lists. However, the word ‘shared sovereignty’ which seemed to suggest total independence does not actually mean so. It was explained that there were around 66 under state list which mainly relate to governance in local affairs. The word ‘sovereignty’ therefore does not correlate with the idea that has been mooted, it was pointed.
In the concurrent list there are 47 items pertaining to matters such as marriage, property, agriculture etc where uniformity is desired but not a rule rather than the exception.
A lawyer pointed out that the federal structure envisages devolution of powers between the Centre and states though in actual exercise, the Centre has the absolute say as per Article 256 of the Indian constitution.
According to one politician, a political agreement based on ground realities as framework would depend on how three segments-Centre, negotiating parties and representatives-concur so as to end decades of uncertainty and various problems that are offshoots of the disturbed condition.
Where any foreseeable agreement would have to be implemented will also require cooperation of states where Nagas are scattered, said the observer.

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