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Wild water buffaloes under endangered species
Published on 16 Aug. 2010 10:31 PM IST
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The state of Assam accounts for 80% of the world population of wild water buffaloes, scientifically called as Bubalus Arnee. Thus Anwarudin Choudhary, a wildlife expert has put the responsibility of saving these rare species to the state of Assam.
The world wide population of wild water buffaloes is 3,400 and of these 2,800 is found in Assam alone. In Assam, the largest concentration of this animal is found in Kaziranga National Park
Choudhary said that, the largest concentration of water buffaloes in the world is a herd of 50 found in Kolalua-Jokai area in Dibrugarh in Assam. But this area is unprotected and needs urgent protection as no where in the world can one find such a large concentration of this species in an unprotected area.
The wild water buffalo has been classified under endangered species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.
This animal whose population is numbered today is the ancestor of all domestic varieties of buffaloes in the world. According to Choudhary, it is important that areas where these buffaloes breed should be protected in order to avoid any illegal activities such as poaching.
Commenting on these animals he said that the wild herd of buffaloes always maintain a distance from the domestic buffaloes.
They are seen to keep to themselves, and do not mix with grazing domestic buffaloes. Choudhary further said, “There is a general belief that many of the wild buffaloes are contaminated because of hybridization with domestic animals but this seems to be incorrect as a rule. There are some wild bulls though which come out and mate with domestic females.”

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