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Cut dev. deficit to tackle Maoism: PM
Published on 24 Jul. 2010 11:31 PM IST
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Prime Minister Manmohan Singh Saturday said “development deficit” in backward areas should be reduced to deal with Left-wing extremism and admitted that government-sponsored schemes “have not worked” in bridging the alienation of the tribal people who were being exploited by Maoist rebels.
“The problems of marginalised sections of our country, many of whom live in areas which are affected by Left wing extremism, call out for special attention,” Manmohan Singh said, addressing the National Development Council meeting here.
“Our development schemes have not worked well in these backward and impoverished parts of our country, particularly the areas inhabited by the adivasi population,” he said, in a shift from the government’s policy of tackling the left-wing insurgency as a law and order specific problem.
He also called for “a concerted effort to bridge the development deficit in these backward areas”. The left-wing extremism and the ways to tackle it in 33 affected districts of the mineral rich east and central India figured prominently in agenda of the 55th meeting of the NDC chaired by the prime minister. On Saturday, Manmohan Singh didn’t refer to Maoist insurgency as the “biggest” internal security challenge of the country as he had been repeatedly saying so but called for “a concerted effort to bridge the development deficit” to tackle the alienation of the impoverished people.
In a discussion paper prepared by the Planning Commission ahead of the daylong meeting, it has been noted that the country’s tribal people, who account for 8.2 percent of the 1.2 billion population, had not benefited adequately from India’s development.
The paper linked the lack of adequate development in tribal areas to the left-wing extremism.
The apparent shift in the government policy is being attributed to the Congress president Sonia Gandhi-led National Advisory Council (NAC). Many members of the NAC are said to be opposed to Home Minister P. Chidambaram’s policy of tackling the problem with police action.
Manmohan Singh said the government would “reduce whatever sense of alienation that may exist among the ‘adivasis’ living in these areas. As the word ‘adivasi’ implies, they were the original inhabitants and their rights must be fully protected”.
At the same time he said there should be no doubt that Maoist insurgency needed to be “met with and it will be met with the centre and the states cooperating fully with one another”.
But this, he said, “must be supplemented by action on two other fronts.
“We must recognise that good governance alone gives people a sense of participation and empowerment. Failure to implement the (Forest Rights Act and Panchayati Raj Act) laws in letter and spirit reduces the credibility of our commitment to bring development to these neglected regions.”
He exhorted that these areas “must be provided with additional resources for development and the development programmes must be aligned to the special circumstances of these areas”. “I have asked the Planning Commission to design a holistic development programme for these areas in consultation with the states and other stakeholders,” he said.
Teacher butchered by Maoists
A day after a group of villagers refused to join an anti-government rally and chased away Maoists, the rebels on Saturday killed a headmaster of a school here for not allowing his students to take part in another rally in West Midnapore district.
Rabindranath Mahto (45) was about to leave Indrabani Primary School at about 3 pm after the school hours when six suspected Maoists came in three motorbikes and dragged him in front of the school building, police said.
The rebels then hacked him with an axe before shooting him from close range, killing him on the spot. Another teacher Shyamlal Mandi was also present there but he was spared, they said. The Maoists and People’s Committee against Police Atrocities used to force men, women and students to take part in their rallies. The rebels had Friday told Mahto to send the students to the rally, but he refused. Mahto, a former panchayat pradhan, was the Manikpara circle president of All Bengal Primary Teachers Association, the primary teachers wing of the CPI(M), sources said. In a show of dissent, some villagers of Radhanagar, five km from Jhargram, refused to take part in a rally held by the Maoists on Friday.
Villagers in the adjacent area of Radhanagar earlier took out rallies to protest the high-handedness of the PCPA and had even drove the Committee members out of the village when they went to Radhanagar to organise them for an anti-joint forces programme, a phenomenon that has heartened the security forces on the dwindling support base of the Maoists in the Jungalmahal area of Bengal. Suspected Maoists also shot dead another local CPM leader in the Balarampur area of the adjacent Purulia district on Friday.
Meanwhile, security forces demolished several Maoist camps during an encounter with the rebels and seized a large cache of arms and ammunition in Orissa’s Malkangiri district, police said Saturday.
On the basis of intelligence inputs, camps set up by the ultras in Paplur and Teakwada forests were raided by the elite Greyhound force of Andhra Pradesh and Orissa’s Special Operation Group (SOG) last last night, Malkangiri Superintendent of Police Anirudh Singh said.
The fierce gunbattle that ensued continued for about three hours before the Maoists fled the scene, Singh said adding huge quantities of arms and ammunition were seized from the encounter site and the camps destroyed.
Police believe Maoists have suffered casualties but a clear picture is yet to emerge due to heavy rains and disruption of transport and communication link to the area, he said, adding they were waiting for the security personnel to return from the forests.

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