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Alarming reduction of female child in Mnp
Correspondent IMPHAL, Aug 26:
Published on 27 Aug. 2010 1:15 AM IST
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In the last few decades sex-ratio of girl child had declined sharply as compared to boys in Manipur which state’s Social Welfare Department blamed it on increasing practice of prenatal sex determination.
Expressing alarm over sharp reduction in the sex-ratio in Imphal West and Senapati Districts, officials of the department projected that there would be no female child in these two districts by 2020. The sex-ratio in Manipur was 957 female to 1000 males considered very low in comparison with the national child sex-ratio. Analysis of the district wise ratio, detected the condition to be more serious in Imphal West and Senapati than other remaining five districts during the last two decades.
In Imphal west district, the sex-ratio of girls was 985 for every 1000 boys in 1991 but in 2001 it was reduced to 945 . In Senapati the ratio which was 1011girls for every 1000 boys in 1991 was reduced to 962 girls in 2001. The ratios indicate reduction of sex-ratio of girl to 40 and 49 in these two districts within a decade. The ratios in other districts were found better even though number of girl child reduce at smaller rate.
The social welfare department expected further decline in the sex-ratio after the 2011 census operation observing sharp increase in the prenatal sex determination. Prenatal sex determination is not allowed under the Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) Act, 1994 which is in force in the state. The law prevents sex determination tests.
A total of 38 healthcare centres are registered under PNDT (RPM) Act in Manipur. Among them seven are hospitals, two laboratories and 25 genetic clinics (ultra sound clinic). Even though prenatal sex determination and female foeticide are reportedly done in these registered bodies, there were no reports of actions by government authorities to check the practice. In India, the sex ratio stands at 933:1000 (i.e. for every 1000 males for 933 females), with the Union Territory of Daman and Diu dropping to a pathetic 710:1000 indicating alarming decrease in the sex ratio for girls.
According to various analysis , female foeticide is the reason that “between 35 and 40 million girls and women are missing from the Indian population.”
For the country, female infanticide is becoming a national issue. A 2001 government census revealed that there were 795 women for every 1000 men in Punjab but the numbers were no better in the posh neighborhoods of South Delhi.
Despite a law banning sex selection and abortion that is in force for a decade, as many as half a million female fetuses are aborted each year in the country. Hundreds of clinics in the lanes and by-lanes of the capital carry out sex determination tests illegally though a board outside the clinic reads “No Sex determination tests done here”.
The problem is that most of the clinics carry out such tests undercover. No one comes forward and complains in this regard. So until and unless the doctors stop adhering to such practices, things are not going to change. Even in Delhi, the sex ratio began showing a sharp decline with the 1991 census figure of 827. A healthy ratio, according to world standards, is considered to be 952 females for every 1,000 males.

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