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Malaria threat looms large over NE
Published on 17 Nov. 2010 10:41 PM IST
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In what could mean danger signals for malaria stricken North-Eastern region including Assam, a new report has said that opportunities for malaria transmission is likely to linger long enough even as the disease is projected to spread to new areas in the Himalayan region.
In the North-Eastern region, there is a likelihood that the windows of transmission of malaria may increasingly remain open for at least seven-nine months and may even remain open for a larger number of months (10-12 months) in a year, said the report released by Environment and Forest Minister, Jairam Ramesh here on Tuesday.
Further what should be alarming for the North-east is the possibility of increase in floods and drought in Himalayan region. Moderate to extreme drought condition is projected in 2030s for the Himalayan region. All the regions are likely to experience flooding.
The report provides an assessment of impact of climate change in 2030s on four key sectors of the Indian economy, namely agriculture, water, natural ecosystems and biodiversity and health in four climate sensitive regions of India, including the Himalayan region, North-Eastern region the Western Ghats and the Coastal areas.
The report has been prepared by the Indian Network for Climate Change Assessment (INCCA), a network-based programme that brings together over 120 institutions and over 220 scientists from across the country to undertake scientific assessments of different aspects of climate change.
In the North-east, water yield (which is a function of precipitation, total surface run off, evapo-transpiration and soil properties), is projected to increase in the Himalayan range in 2030s by 5-20 per cent. However, water yields are likely to be variable across the North Eastern region. In some places, it is projected to increase and in some places it is projected to decrease.
In the North-Eastern region, the minimum temperatures are likely to rise by 1o C to 2.5oC and maximum temperatures may rise by 1oC to 3.5oC.
Most of the dense forests of Assam, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh are part of the Himalayan biodiversity hot spot. In the North-Eastern region, only about 8 per cent of the 73 forested grids are projected to undergo change in the 2030s. The region is projected to see an increase of 23 per cent in NPP on an average.
Releasing the report, Ramesh, said there is no country in the world that is as vulnerable, on so many dimensions, to climate change as India is.
“This makes it imperative for us to have sound evidence-based assessments on the impact of climate change,” he said.
This is the second major publication of INCCA. The first report, published in May was on India’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions 2007.
The damage due to the hire has been estimated at Rs.50 lakhs.

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