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Oil extraction in Assam-Nld border

Oil pipes at Chanpang. (NP)
Staff Reporter Dimapur, Jan 11 (NPN):
Published on 12 Jan. 2011 12:51 AM IST
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With prices of crude oil in the international market expected to rise further from the current price of $90 a barrel, India’s oil imports are expected to be more than triple from 2005 consumption levels by 2020, rising to 5 million barrels per day.
The government of India has redoubled efforts to explore crude oil on shore and off shore, to meet with the growing energy and transportation demands.
In the north east, oil has been mainly extracted from Assam and with the current oil basins showing depletion of crude other than gas, the Oil and Natural Gas Corporation has focused its activities to foothills of Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland in the Patkai ranges, Chanpang, Tssori (Wokha), Singphan(Mon), Geleki, Tzurankong (Mokokchung), Chumukedima (Dimapur),and Jalukie (Peren) among others.
While the focus for oil operations in Nagaland has been largely at Changpang, the crucial developments on the Wamakan-Amguri border has largely gone unnoticed.
The oil belt in this area which shares the same geological basin with Assam, has a huge reserve. Owing to the delay by the Cabinet Sub-Committee set up in October 2009 for submitting recommendation for preparing modalities within six months for oil and gas exploration and exploitation.
Owing to the delay due to which no oil operations could be undertaken along the Assam-Nagaland boundary near Amguri, the Assam government gone ahead and deserved some tracts of the disputed Geleki reserved forest within the traditional area of the Wamaken village. The Assam government handed it over to ONGC from where tons of crude oil have been extracted.
With new technology available with ONGC to extract oil horizontally, millions of tons of crude can be pumped out from Assam side.
Estimates of oil reserves indicate that the Tzurangkong (under Tuli sub-division, Mokokchung) belt falling under Wamakan-Amguri area adjoining the Geleki reserve forest, has an estimated 50 to 60 million metric tons of crude oil.
It is believed to have the highest and yet to be proven crude oil reserve within Nagaland. The estimated reserve at Changpang, where ONGC had been drilling oil since the eighties and from where one million ton of crude was extracted as against the permit for 18 kiloliters on experimental basis, has around 20-30 million metric tons.

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