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Poor edn infrastructure behind migration in NE
Correspndent IMPHAL, Mar 27:
Published on 27 Mar. 2011 11:50 PM IST
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Over 414,850 people from Northeast India migrated to other mega cities of India during 2005 and 2010. It is 12 times growth from 34,000 populations in 2005 in the last six years, a study report of the by North East Support Centre and Helpline revealed, citing the main push factor as lack of educational infrastructure.
The latest report of the group observes the annual average increasing number of migration is 13.62%. Delhi is one of the most preferred destinies for North East migrants, currently with over 200,000 populations, which is 48.21%. Only 5% of migrants return to North East India after completing their studies.
It is a matter of concern as far as intellectual, professional and technical investment is concerned in the region, who otherwise, could invest if they return to their home states, the report suggested.
It also pointed out that 66.35% of North East migrants migrate for higher studies, out of which, 78.15% for graduate studies, 11.48% for Engineering/managerial, 6.80% for Research/Ph.D. and 3.57% for medical studies while 35% of migrants migrate for employment opportunities in other cities of India with 15% for Government jobs and 85% for un-organized private sectors.
The main push factor leading to migration of North East people is due to lack of educational infrastructure with limited choice of education, followed by unemployment opportunities in the region which are badly affected by socio-political unrest and communal conflict among heterogeneous communities of the region, it suggested.
Delhi is the most preferred destiny despite the challenges facing by the people of this region, the survey report of the North East Support Centre & Helpline pointed out observing that with the emerging of globalization, Delhi is the most attractive destiny for good educational infrastructure with multiple choices of study and employment opportunities in Central government jobs and private companies.
Non investment for education in the North East Region is another main factor, it said alleging that no specific attempt was made from Union Government as well as from state governments to develop educational infrastructure in North East India.
Professional and technical education is lacking. Union Government’s budget for 2011-12 is `8,000 crore which was presented in the budget session in Parliament. Over, 275,000 students from North East India migrated to other cities of India. Their study cost is one fifth of Union Government budget for 2011-12 if calculated at the rate of `5,000 per student annually, the report asserted.
With regard to the challenges in Delhi and NCR, the report said that Delhi is unsafe for women. Delhi has become an unsafe city for women with increasing crimes against women. According to Delhi police, every 18 hours, a woman is raped and every 14 hours a woman is molested in Delhi.
Jagori an organization working for women in Delhi conducted a pilot research in 2009 and their findings match close to police record. Around 70% women were reported harassed on roads while around 60% men and 71% common witnesses reported that they have seen women being harassed, it said. North East people in Delhi and NCR continue to face racial discrimination, racial attack, abuse, rape, molestation and killing. North East Support Centre & Helpline records 96 crimes against its people in Delhi and NCR, of which, 58% happened against women (34% molestation, 8% human trafficking, 7% beating, 4% rape, 2% attempt to rape), 26% against men, 5% murder, 6% non-payment of salary, 3% non-refund rent deposit, 1% missing person and 1% media bias.
Challenges faced by North East people in Delhi have a paradigm shift from racial attack to sexual violence and sexual violence to human trafficking, the group said observing racial discrimination against North East Communities is increasing. The 78% of North Easterners in Delhi face racial discrimination in different forms which is slightly less compare to the 86% in 2009. The 83% of North East men and the 74% of their women face racial discrimination in Delhi and NCR.
The Root Cause of Racial Discrimination is the social profiling. Social profiling is the root cause of racial discrimination, attack and sexual violence against men and women from North East India. The social profiling is a reflection of India’s caste practices and social system as majority of North East India come from scheduled caste and tribes and ethnically Mongoloid race, who falls out of caste hierarchy.
Police inactiveness leads to crimes, the report pointed out saying that inactiveness of police officers on duty, who are biased in providing service to vulnerable men and women to racial attack and sexual violence and failing to book the perpetrators have fuelled more crimes against the North East Indian communities in Delhi and NCR.
There is reluctance to issue directive to law enforcing agencies to provide safety measurement for vulnerable North East communities. They waited and delayed until the matter became very serious. This is due to lack of political wills, the report observes.
The report recommends investment for education and economic development. North East Indian states need specific investment for educational infrastructure and economic development from Union government and state governments must prioritize it.
Union Government along with Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region, North East Council and state governments must seek to invest more to develop more in educational sector in the region.
A political will from Union Government, Delhi Government, and the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER) must issue directive to implement existing laws, policies and plan of actions to end racial discrimination, sexual violence and human trafficking challenges faced by North East communities in national capital cities.
North East MP Forums must take note of the plights faced by their communities and take up the matter with concerned law enforcing agencies and governments.

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