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Nagaland denied oil revenue sharing
Special Report Dimapur, Jun 19 (NPN):
Published on 20 Jun. 2011 12:42 AM IST
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Crude oil from the GKBK well with a depth of 3200 meters, located at the disputed Geleki (Alitsuki’ original name given by Wamaken village), is being extracted at the rate of a few hundred tons a day by the ONGC since March 24,2010.
As per agreement on profit-sharing, ONGC has to also pay Nagaland royalty for the oil extracted from Alitsuki (Geleki) on share basis with Assam.
The government of Assam rejected the historical ownership as claimed by Wamaken village which has been jhum cultivating the area since the past 25 to 30 years with the last jhumming being in 1985.
Assam, in contravention of the 1972 Assam-Nagaland border agreement, had arbitrarily redrawn the map of the Survey of India based on the 1925 surveyed map without attesting to the historical, customary and traditional ownership of Wamaken, Nagaland.
As per the 1972 border agreement, by and large, it was agreed by both sides to maintain the status quo. Assam as per the agreement, agreed not to disturb the then existing Naga settlements in the disputed forest area. It was also agreed by Assam that it would not disturb the reserve forest and no new leases or contracts would be entered with regard to the reserved forests.
However, Assam agreed to hand over the land on lease for an initial period of 25 years to ONGC by de-reserving the forest area in order to circumvent the agreement. Assam reportedly maintained that the de-reservation had not violated the position and area of the reserved forest as it had added some area in lieu of the notification that de-reserved nearly 4 Hectares of Geleki Reserved Forest for oil exploration by the ONGC.
The redrawn map of ‘Alitsuki’ (soil garden) is where the ONGC dug the well GKBK is at the precise location called ‘Alikala’ (‘vast land’ by Wamaken village) but surprisingly, Assam’s redrawn map did not specify the demarcation by either river, road or any other landmark but just arbitrarily redrawn in the map.
In actuality, de-reservation can only be after obtaining concurrence from the ministry of forest and environment. This was reportedly issued by the ministry of forest and environment after which the ministry of petroleum and natural gas granted Petroleum Mining License to the government of Assam.
The border dispute, it may be recalled, is under litigation in the Supreme Court but despite the status, Assam had ignored the legal responsibility.
The drill site is located some 13 kms north of from Tuli town and 20 kms south west of Amguri town, and 190 kms north east of Dimapur.
It is estimated that the oil reserve in the particular block is estimated to be around 60 million metric tons, while the Chanpang area under Wokha district is around 40 to 50 million metric tons.
Meanwhile, the government of Nagaland had constituted a cabinet subcommittee in 2009 on Exploration and Development of Petroleum and Natural Gas in Nagaland on framing a Memorandum of Understanding with oil companies against the backdrop of Article 371(A) of the constitution of India over ownership and transfer of land and its resources.

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