Editorial

A changing reality

By Nagaland Post | Publish Date: 4/6/2021 1:06:14 PM IST

 Climate change is a reality which the world cannot ignore and if it does, that would only invite a catastrophe. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) stated that the month of March, 2021 was the third warmest in 121 years in terms of monthly average temperature. IMD informed that Delhi recorded a maximum temperature of 40.1 degrees Celsius on March 30,2021, the highest temperature in March recorded in Delhi-NCR in 76 years. Delhi had recorded a maximum temperature of 40.5 degrees Celsius on March 31, 1945. In a warming world, we can expect it to get wetter. With global temperature gradually rising through the decades, scientists have termed it as ‘global warming’. The term describes the impact of rise in global temperature in decades brought about by the emission of green house gases caused by fossil fuel emissions, pollutants and other human activities. There are many evidences of changing weather patterns happening across the world. When climatologists speak of changing weather pattern and its resultant effect in throwing nature’s weather out of gear; it means that the nature is not longer in control and therefore out of control. There is a difference between “weather “and “climate” as the former relates to conditions in the atmosphere over a short time. The latter relates to how the atmosphere behaves over a longer period of time. Climate change generally means changes in long-term averages of daily levels of temperature and rainfall.. Future effects of climate change will continue through this century and beyond during which temperatures will continue to rise. This will mean that frost-free season (and growing season) will lengthen, with more droughts and heat waves, hurricanes which will become more intense as the sea level is projected to rise 1-4 feet by 2100. Human interference on the environment through emissions of chemicals and pollutants, had brought changes being witnessed through changing climatic winds, oceanic currents and rising heat and humidity. At the local level, awareness has made little impact beyond the seminars and workshops. The destruction of the local environment has also added to the changes in climate. The total destruction of the local environment has also added to the changes in climate. According to environmentalists, there can be no compensation for the loss of natural forests because open forests are often classified as degraded. A dense or closed forest, as it is known in scientific terms, is characteristic of that area and climatic conditions. When a natural forest is felled what is lost is the ecological system, including rare species of flora and fauna. What replaces it is a monoculture plantation of fast-growing species. One of the most destructive symbols on the environment has been the gradual loss and extinction of the once lush Rangapahar reserved forest which was declared as a sanctuary. At its prime, Rangapahar Sanctuary was spread over 21,768 acres and was notified as a reserved forest in 1925 by the forest department of Assam. Today, what is left of the sanctuary is about hardly 300 acres that is supposed to be the Nagaland Zoological Park. No government in the state should overlook the role of sustainable development while pursuing economic growth. Ignoring this matter would only create an unfavourable climate literally and geographically and disturb the need to maintain equitable and healthy rates of growth.

 

Launched on December 3,1990. Nagaland Post is the first and highest circulated newspaper of Nagaland state. Nagaland Post is also the first newspaper in Nagaland to be published in multi-colour.

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