A wake up reminder

By Nagaland Post | Publish Date: 6/2/2019 11:01:37 AM IST

After the recent discourse on demographic threats and rising unemployment in Nagaland, the Central Nagaland Tribes Council (CNTC) echoed concerns caused by the growth of non-Naga trade license holders, who purportedly hold some 23,000 licenses as against around 6000 by the local Naga licensees. The CNTC has voiced concern over this development and has asked both the Dimapur Municipal Council (DMC) and the state transport department to vet applications and ensure that only a percentage of trade and taxi licenses be issued to non-Nagas. Nagaland has a total population of around 19,80,602 (2011 Census) of which over 2 lakh are non-Nagas from various other religious communities. Dimapur is the most populous district of Nagaland with the population of 3,79,769 people of which around 50% are non-Nagas followed by Kohima with 2,70,063 people. The non-Naga tag would include other communities such as Bengalis, Biharis, Jains, Punjabis etc including the ubiquitous suspected Bangladeshi-origin immigrants. The trade and commerce in the state, like in other north east states, perhaps barring Mizoram, are dominated by non-locals. This has led to the demand for tighter enforcement of the Inner Line Permit regulation in order to check unabated influx and is an issue that has gripped the entire region. On the other hand, to be engaged in trade demands both dignity of labour as well as skills. Promoting private enterprises require basic infrastructure of power and connectivity which are within the government’s domain. Skill-based education could offer some solution though it cannot be the be-all and end-all of the persistent problem. The concern of the CNTC is appreciated and besides its suggestion on DMC and the transport department, there will be other factors which need to be looked into as to why local Naga aspirants have not been up to the mark. An overwhelming number of youths in the state hanker only after government jobs. The government is the sole job provider in a welfare state but there is oversaturation of employees who are unproductive. While it has been acknowledged many, many times in the past, that employment in the government has already reached a point of over saturation, it may be interesting to note that the figure had been recorded at 1,10,000 in 2008-10, it rose to 1,25,000 by 2010-11, then to 1,30,000 by 2012-13. According to the latest figure, there are 1,40,000 government employees under the government’s roll which is a little over 7.1 % of the state’s 19,80,602 population. With several thousand youths graduating out of colleges and universities each year and with no hope of getting government jobs, the private sector, in the light of stagnant economy offers too little; the problem of unemployment which had already reached a critical stage during the late nineties is now almost at bursting point, with negative ramification. With around 45% of the population being in the age group of 15-35, unemployment among such a huge number can cause social problems of huge dimensions. Nagaland like any other state, particularly those which have not established a sound economic foundation, are facing a serious problem over the issue of providing jobs to the educated youth. Thus, it is the government’s call to provide infrastructure and ensure a conducive climate for business enterprises, if the future generation is to be ensured.

Launched on December 3,1990. Nagaland Post is the first and highest circulated newspaper of Nagaland state. Nagaland Post is also the first newspaper in Nagaland to be published in multi-colour.

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