Air pollution

By Nagaland Post | Publish Date: 6/7/2019 12:58:25 PM IST

 Every year World Environment day is celebrated on June 5 to spread awareness, to encourage people to take action and to protect the environment. The Current theme of World Environment day is Air Pollution. Air pollution is increasing day by day and it seems complex to control it but nothing is impossible we should come together to combat it. And for this it is necessary to understand different types of pollution, how it affects our health and environment will help us to steps towards improving the air around us. Around 92 percent of the people worldwide do not breathe clean air. As per reports, every year air pollution costs the global economy $5 Trillion in welfare costs. It is also projected by 2030, ground-level ozone pollution is expected to reduce the staple crop yields by 26 percent. Earlier, in 2018 the theme was on making a plastic free environment and this continues to be the pursuit of many nations. The objective of World Environment Day is to raise the importance of the healthy and green environment in the human lives, to solve the issues of the environment by implementing some positive environmental actions by government, organisations and individual as a whole. At the Paris Climate Change conference, India agreed to reduce the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33 to 35 percent by 2030 from 2005 level. India resolved to achieve about 40 percent cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel based energy resources by 2030, with the help of transfer of technology and low cost international finance including from Green Climate Fund (GCF) and also to create an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030. While nature takes its own course, humans too need to chart a course where pursuit for better life does not have a long term effect on their environment. The air in Dimapur and especially along the state highways are laden with dust. The air is also dense with air pollutants in Dimapur where there are bulk generators and small generators in addition to the accumulation of dust from waste which include demolished structures, renovations, as well as construction and repair of roads etc. The rapid rise in the number of vehicles each year has only compounded the problems of global warming along with rise in refrigerators and air conditioners. Nagaland, like most of the states, need to take a very serious look at pollution of the environment by vehicle emissions. There has been a rapid rise in the number of vehicles in the state and three wheelers including trucks need to have pollution checks. Of course, this does not absolve other vehicles since the issue, if not checked, could lead to significant changes affecting agriculture, the mainstay of the rural people. The eco-system is being disturbed with dangerous consequences. Massive deforestation has also exacted great damage to the system but unfortunately, mankind will realize only too late. Forests are like lungs that breathe in carbon dioxide and breath out oxygen. A dense or closed forest, as it is known in scientific terms, is characteristic of that area and climatic conditions. When a natural forest is felled what is lost is the ecological system, including rare species of flora and fauna. What replaces it is a monoculture plantation of fast-growing species. This is not nature’s way of enriching a healthy cycle and perhaps some serious action is needed to ensure a healthy environment.


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