Post Mortem

CAA, NPR and NRC: Are they applicable to Nagas?

By Nagaland Post | Publish Date: 1/8/2020 1:37:24 PM IST

 India is boiling on the issues of Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA), 2019, National Population Register (NPR) and National Register of Citizenship (NRC). How should Nagas respond to that situation? The answer is simple and plain. Nagas were not Indians and Naga territories were not Indian territories. Nagas were free people. For that reason, we declared own independence to let the world know of our independent status, established our own government, the Federal Government of Nagaland, to run the affairs of our own country and we enacted our own constitution (Yehzabo). The Naga government was running the affairs of the newly organized country smoothly. However, India violated the sovereignty of Nagaland by her aggression. Those in support of CAA, NPR and NRC may claim that Nagas became India’s citizens on the basis of 16-point agreement of 1960 or the Shillong Accord of 1975. Truth was that, the Naga National Council (NNC), the only mass based authentic and mandated Institution of the Nagas that declared the independence of Nagaland was not party to 16-point agreement or the Shillong Accord. The only legitimate agreement Nagas had signed with India was the 1964 ceasefire agreement. It was not a simple ceasefire agreement but a bilateral peace treaty, international in nature by entities. By that treaty, India consciously recognized the legitimacy of the Federal Government of Nagaland which also meant that India recognized separate citizenship of the Nagas. Citizenship is a sovereign subject. India as a sovereign Republic has her own constitution that defines her own citizens. In the same way, Nagaland as a nation has her own constitution that defines her own citizens. The sovereignty of India and Nagaland are entirely different. So also the citizenship. History of independence was clear for both the nstions. Nagas declared their independence on August 14, 1947. India formally attained independence from Great Britain on August 15, 1947. Modern India was created by the British but independent Nagaland was organized into a modern nation state from time tested established institutions.  Nagaland as a nation has no power to question the citizenship of sovereign Republic of India. In the same way, India has no right to impose her citizenship on Nagas. Independent Nagaland has not been a normal functioning nation because of forced occupation and imposed rule. It has been under an abnormal situation. India caused that mal-situation. An imposition under an abnormal situation cannot be binding. Therefore, whether it is CAA, NPR or NRC, it will only have an imposition effect on Nagas. Attempt to impose these laws on Nagas violate our right as separate citizens. Nagas have no obligation to prove our citizenship to India because we are the citizens of our own country . No Indian law will protect the Nagas. Independence is our only protection. That being the truth, CAA, NPR and NRC are not applicable to Nagas. Nagas should have nothing to do with the problems going on in India in protest against the CAA, NPR and NRC because it is India’s internal problem. Nagas should not meddle in India’s internal problems but being a separate nation, we should mind our own business. This is an opportunity for Nagas to reassert our position to let the world know that Nagaland is a separate nation and Nagas are her citizens. 

(Views expressed here are personal)

Dr. K. Hoshi, Phek

Launched on December 3,1990. Nagaland Post is the first and highest circulated newspaper of Nagaland state. Nagaland Post is also the first newspaper in Nagaland to be published in multi-colour.

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