Editorial

Changing weather

By Nagaland Post | Publish Date: 1/4/2020 12:18:46 PM IST

 It continues to be the coldest winter ever in India in several decades with the mercury plummeting below 6° C in several cities where the level used to be around 10º C. Delhi shivered bitterly with its, coldest winter since 1901. Previously, in 1930, the minimum temperature touched a record dip to 0 degrees. As per the records, in December 2019 Delhi recorded 18 consecutive 'cold days', the maximum after 17 cold days in December 1997. This December-January is the second coldest weather in 119 years sweeping across western and northern India has led to dense fog, killing at least six people and disrupting many parts of the country, including the capital New Delhi. Winters in western and northern India have become colder in recent years, which experts say is due to climate change and rapid urbanization, and it is common in Delhi to see families sleeping on pavements and railway platforms, and under flyovers. Whether is pertains to melting of snow and glaciers or as the current bitter winter chill, it is quite evident, that the weather pattern during the decades, has been unpredictable. There were reports of unusual chill in many states, while it snowed in states like Punjab and Uttarkhand . Even south India, the hottest region of the country, experienced the bitterest cold in almost hundred years. Even in the north east and in particular several parts of Nagaland, the winter this year is perhaps among the coldest. If the winter rains arrives late, the winter chill has not shown any sign of becoming warmer as expected by the end of January. The unusually cold December this year could just be another instance of extreme climates becoming more and more frequent, a result of climate change. Across the world, the frequency and intensity of both heat waves and cold waves have increased in the last few years. Extreme cold temperatures, rainfall and intense fog in the months of December and January are not something new for north and northwest India. However, this December, north India has been feeling the cold much more than earlier. Every year, in the second half of December and the first half of January, temperatures routinely drop to 2-4°C at some point of the day in many places in north and northwest India. In December, the maximum daily temperature does not rise beyond 16-18°C in most of Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and western Uttar Pradesh. The intensity of the cold also depends on the amount of snowfall that happens in Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh and nearby areas. Merely taking note of the phenomenon will not arrest its retreat. The contribution by the rapid rise in the number of vehicles each year has only compounded the problems of global warming along with rise in refrigerators and air conditioners. Nagaland, like most of the states, need to take a very serious look at pollution of the environment by vehicle emissions. The contributory factors on abnormal weather patterns are varies and many. It is therefore important to make citizens aware of their roles and once this is achieved, perhaps even choice of environmental friendly products would become a necessity.

Launched on December 3,1990. Nagaland Post is the first and highest circulated newspaper of Nagaland state. Nagaland Post is also the first newspaper in Nagaland to be published in multi-colour.

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