Post Mortem

Dilemma of Nagaland politically, economically, socially & culturally

By Nagaland Post | Publish Date: 8/10/2019 12:21:10 PM IST

 After long years of gloomy nights in their political pilgrimage for the first time the people of Nagaland could see a new dawn in the Naga political firmament. This is perhaps the most appropriate time to tell the bitter truth to the Nagas about the status of their political voyage. The people of Nagaland should know their political future because without their knowledge and consent no organization or organizations are mandated to decide. Keeping in view these political and constitutional imperatives, let us approach the Naga problem with pragmatism and realism. Without attributing any accountability towards none, an honest and impartial appraisal of the entire gamut of the governance and the present political texture is called for. Hence, this exercise.

To wriggle out from the present quagmire, several alternatives are available such as:

1. Nagas Left- To Themselves or Lifted- From Themselves ?

2. Progress-Prone or Progress-Resistant ?

3. To stay in the World train station or begin to pull out of the station ?

This is the time that the Nagas should know what is Nagaland today and the kind of design for Nagaland’s future should be? Several alternatives or options have been stated above for the Nagas to choose and act upon. The most glaring spectacle scene of Nagaland today is broken down of political, social and economic walls all around. What needs to be done now? Along with Nehemiah let us also say in our own setting-“You see the distress that we are in, how Nagaland lieth waste, and the gates thereof are burned with fire, come, let us build up the wall of Nagaland, that we be no more a reproach.”

Political dilemma: Nagas by and large are so obsessed with politics, they hardly consider other more important aspects of human activities and needs. Apart from politics, there are many branches of activities that are required to build up human society. Economic, social, cultural, religious and especially in the 21st century scientific and technological development determines the strength and status of a country or a nation. Whereas, the Nagas because of their extreme obsessions appear be turning a blind eyes toward the other more important aspects of human society. Let us have a glimpse of the Naga political pilgrimage from 1946 up to date. It was indeed a collective genii of the Naga leaders of yesterday years that a Naga political institution under the name and title- “Naga National Council was formed in 1946” even before the departure of the British from the soil of India. It is incumbent on the present generation to acknowledge the political wisdom and foresight of the older generation for this mile stone in the history of the Naga struggle. One wonders whether the Naga struggle was against the imperial government or some other authority is not clear. Or we may cogently state that the Nagas were proclaiming that they were as free as any other free people in the world. It was a tragedy that the Imperial government turned a blind eye towards the Naga urges and aspirations. The Nagas Left- To Themselves. What happened then when we were left to ourselves to act and decide? The normal characteristic of the people left to themselves especially in undeveloped and less advanced area, the progress in different fields will be either slow or even non-starter or they may spoil or tainted themselves in the mire of fanaticism or conservatism. Under different Presidents of the NNC, different methods were applied but it was A. Z. Phizo who had taken a concrete political step i.e. Unofficial Plebiscite in 1951 to ascertain the opinion of the people of Nagaland on the issue of independence, and according to record almost cent percent favoured a separate sovereign and independent state of Nagaland. The Naga movement assumed a different dimension after the plebiscite under the undisputed leadership of A. Z. Phizo, the President of the NNC. The simple and innocent Naga public, who were novice in practical politics, were told that a separate Naga Homeland would be like a paradise. Only the idyllic picture of the free Nagaland was depicted and shown it to the common men but nothing was told what it would mean to be an independent nation or a country. What kind of struggle would it be was not told to the people except to stand united to face the challenges. Initially, without any inhibition but with great zeal and enthusiasm the entire population plunged into the struggle with a hope that the dawn of freedom was near. The people were even told that independent will be declared on 14th August 1947 and all concerned authorities including UNO were informed but all these were only political exercises. In reality, the erstwhile Naga Hills continue to be a district of Assam. In the Naga political struggle instead of fighting against the enemy, they started killing their own people under one pretext or the other. Blood flowed between family and family, between clan or khels or between villages and between tribes. This animosity remains deep down in the hearts and minds of the aggrieved families on both sides. This was the result of the Nagas left to themselves. Even today the same trend if not worst enveloped the entire Naga society. Suspicions, fear, intimations, threats, kidnapping and extortions of the highest magnitude prevailed in Nagaland. Under the banner of the Naga National Council, Nagas were united as a people and they fought unitedly for a very clear objective i.e. sovereign Nagaland. But today, there are multiple factions in Nagaland who are claiming to be representatives of the Nagas and their cause. But the paradox is that they fight and kill among themselves and celebrate for such heinous crimes. Today the political wall of Nagaland is broken and shattered beyond repairs. Let us not shy away from the truth. The public of Nagaland should be told frankly and honestly what is within and what is beyond our reach in matters of Naga political goal. It was indeed a welcome pronouncement by the leaders of all underground leaders about the true picture of Naga political status. I quote: On 29.2.2012,in a mammoth gathering of Naga public it was openly declared which reads:-“Khole also lauded NSCN(IM) General Secretary Th.Muivah for his honesty and courage while addressing the three-day meet at Niathu Resort in 2011 in declaring that independence in the international context and integration of Naga areas in India and Myanmar are not possible.” This was done by no other than by themselves. This is the real picture of the 60 years of Naga political pilgrimage. Politically, the Nagas are in a terrible quagmire and so farthey continue to be in darkness. When all the political agendas have been nailed to the coffin what else can the Nagas expect from the current polemics.?? As the proverb says “A drowning man even catch at a straw.” Under this precarious condition at least like the straw we have in front of us “ the Framework Agreement of 3rd August 2015” to bail us out from the present political quagmire.” Time has come to remove the mask that covered the framework and let the people see the real contents of the accord then only can the people will be able to judge whether it is honourable or otherwise. The people are intelligent enough to understand the position of the Government of India vis vis Naga political demand. It shall be in the interest of both the Nagas and the Government of India to take pragmatic decision without any further delay. We are confident that leaders engaged in the political parleys will surely try to do what is best for the people and the country.

(To be concluded)

Dr S.C.Jamir.

Launched on December 3,1990. Nagaland Post is the first and highest circulated newspaper of Nagaland state. Nagaland Post is also the first newspaper in Nagaland to be published in multi-colour.

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