Post Mortem

Dilemma of Nagaland politically, economically, socially & culturally

By Nagaland Post | Publish Date: 8/11/2019 12:54:43 PM IST

 (From Previous issue)

Elected Government: Since 1964, the state of Nagaland is run by a government elected by the people through adult franchise. Nagaland Legislative Assembly is the only legitimate and mandated authority to run the affairs of the state. This position needs to be known and recognized by the people of Nagaland. It is the responsibility of the elected members as well as the electorates to uphold the sanctity of this Assembly and the government. In a parliamentary democracy, in the state level, the Assembly is the visible heart and soul of the people. But in Nagaland we are exhibiting a dismal the picture of polity and its governance.

1. Over the years election in Nagaland had totally negated the accepted democratic procedure and norms. Election is the opportunity provided to every citizen to exercise his or her vote to determine the kind of government one wants and therefore the precious vote should be casted honestly and with clear conscience. But in Nagaland the whole process has been commercialised. The fortune of a candidate depends upon money and muscles power plus support of the armed cadres of the underground outfits. The vote is sold to the highest bidder. To meet this demand all the candidates who are determined to win had to disposed off everything he or she has and even during election one is reduced to a mere pauper. When the result is out, most of the successful candidates found themselves totally bankrupt. This is the real plight of Nagaland legislators. When the new house meets it would be a congregation of bankrupt members. If this is the case, what can the members do for the state and the electorates who ruined their lives. It is obvious the same demand will be in the coming election also and if this is the case what will the legislators do? What will be their priority? They will surely try to repay to the scrupulous creditors without delay. Where is the space for the MLAs to think about themselves and their respective constituencies and the state? This is the predicament in which most of the Naga MLAs are embroiled. Can the people expect anything good from the Nagaland Legislative Assembly? It is difficult for no fault of them. The present system of commercialization of election had totally ruined many upcoming Naga leaders who would have contributed tremendously for the good of the people. The Naga electorates should remember that they are indulging in political hari-kari.

Today corruptions, abuse of power, nepotism, favouritism and the like are the especial features of governance. The people cannot complaint nor condemned such abominable acts because they are the main cause. On the other hand, there is no governance in the real sense of the term. Firstly, the inbuilt system of governance i.e. check and balance is either paralyzed or destroyed. Again there are too many authorities both overground and underground. The elected government is made to play only the second fiddle, whereas, the underground organization in the name of self-styled government had usurped the authority of the state. As a matter of fact, some of the factions assumed itself to be the legitimate authority and started running i the de facto government in Nagaland. Under such a situation and environment, rule of law had to bid adieu to the society. Extortions, intimidations, kidnapping, killings and threats are the special features of Nagaland today.

2. Corruptions have been institutionalized at all levels in the administration as deduction of certain percentage on all development works have become an accepted norms and thereby allowing rampant and naked corruptions are openly committed from top to the bottom in the government but the public had neither the moral courage nor strength to raise their voice against all these developments. On one side there is fear psychosis in the minds of a large majority of the people because of the insurgent’s gun culture and on the other hand, they were also blinded by materialism and in the bargain they resign to their faith to avoid confrontation with the government.

3. Another strange sign of the present mood of the people in general and some of the underground leaders in particular feel exhilarated in simply eulogizing the Naga struggles for independence or parroting “uniqueness of Naga history ‘’ etc etc as if this is a tangible object to be shared among the people. One fails to understand why the people of Nagaland even the top leadership focused only on the past. Time focus has four categories: time past, the present, the immediate future and the distant future that merges into the afterlife.

Nagas –left themselves focused on time past. But this trend must be now reversed. Time focus for a progress-prone culture is present and future oriented. Time is an arrow: it is active, in flight, heading for a goal. Such a time focus encourages an active lifestyle where persons think of themselves as actively as creating the future. It is a future within reach. The present and the future are considered the only time dimension that can be acted on, planned for, and influenced.

Future orientation is the degree to which individuals in the organizations or societies engage in such behaviour as planning, investing in the future, and delaying individual or collective gratification. In countries high on this attribute, people do not visit spontaneously, but call before visiting.

Those of future orientation enjoy economic prosperity and they experience scientific advancement, democracy, gender equality, and social health.

The past is the time focus of progress-resistant cultures, the past being revered and exalted. This exactly what is happening in Nagaland. People quarrel for the past as if they were living in the past.

Development and progress: A tiny district of Assam without any infrastructures and resources, suddenly compelled to carry the load of a full-fledged state of the Indian Union. Creation of the state of Nagaland was purely on political compulsion and consideration to meet the urges and aspirations of the tribal people-Nagas. The state of Nagaland had to start from zero. But during the past 50 years the face of Nagaland is completely changed compared to the fifties. May not be up to the required standard but today we have at least the minimum of the paraphernalia of a state and there had been a spurt especially in the human resource development attaining a favourable high literacy without quality. Successive governments have tried their best for the all round development of the state but due to resource constraints progress coupled with disturbed law and order created by the underground we could not mesasure up to the desired goal. For the first time the UPA government start pouring unlimited fund into the state under different centrally sponsored schemes in addition to the much enhanced annual plan allocations. With so much of amount for the development of the state with the state government, the entire process of development had been distorted at the whims of the authority.(Nagas- left to themselves) or anybody left-to themselves will land in the same state of affairs. The resources are either misused or, progress will be slow by taking slow and unprogressive plans or they may even spoiled or sullied themselves in the mire of greed. This is perhaps the main cause of tremendous wastage and misused of funds over the years.

A New Nagaland: Indications from many reliable sources affirms and confirms that the Prime Minister of India is serious about solving the ongoing political talks between the Naga Political groups and the GOI without any further delay. The Naga people are equally anxious for early solution of the said problem. As a matter of fact the people of Nagaland are completely fed up and tired and even angry with the prevailing situation in the state. It is hope and pray that a new dawn of political dispensation would be heralded in the land of the Nagas. The greatest challenge before the Naga people and the government of India shall be effective implementations of the agreement. We may not dash impetuously to the task ahead of us but an effective and efficient mechanism be designed to transform Nagaland with all the attributes of a peaceful and progressive state. First and foremost step should be a total overhauling of the entire systems and evolve a new and effective administrative apparatus to fine tune with the new challenges. The post agreement will have only one constitutional authority to run the affairs of the state and thus, any new initiative towards bringing the administrative machineries on the rails will not be a stupendous task. An interim measure may be thought of to effectively and efficiently deal with all the seen and unseen problems. Since all the political parties and their representatives in the Assembly have formally pledged to vacate their seats to pave the way for new political arrangement. This political maturity shown by the elected members will surely help designing the New Nagaland fully equipped with the best and latest techniques for effective governance which would be the most precious and enduring legacy for the younger generation.


Dr S.C.Jamir.

Launched on December 3,1990. Nagaland Post is the first and highest circulated newspaper of Nagaland state. Nagaland Post is also the first newspaper in Nagaland to be published in multi-colour.

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