E-commerce operators must register with State/UT

Chennai, Sep 29 (Agencies) | Publish Date: 9/29/2018 11:54:21 AM IST

As the online trade booms in the country, with retail market headed out to score billions of dollars by the turn of the next decade here, the taxes and customs board has come up with directives and clarifications for e-commerce firms.

E-commerce operators will have to register themselves in every State where their suppliers are located for collection of TCS and foreign companies can appoint an ‘agent’ on their behalf for securing such registration, the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC) has said. E-commerce companies will, from 1 October, have to deduct 1 per cent tax collected at source (TCS) before making payments to their suppliers. 

The CBIC has come out with a list of 29 FAQs, answering industry queries on the modalities to be followed by the e-commerce operators for deducting TCS.

It said e-commerce operators have to obtain separate registration for TCS irrespective of whether they are already registered under GST as a supplier or otherwise and have GSTIN. The amount collected by the operator is to be paid to the government within 10 days after the end of the month in which the amount was collected.

The CBIC said e-commerce companies, whether domestic or foreign, would have to register themselves in each State / UT as the obligation for collecting TCS would be there for every intra-State or inter-State supply.

“In order to facilitate the obtaining of registration in each State / UT, the e-commerce operator may declare the head office as its place of business for obtaining registration in that State / UT where it does not have physical presence,” the CBIC said.

In case of foreign e-commerce operators who do not have a place of business in India, since they operate from outside but have suppliers and customers in the country, the CBIC said they would be liable to collect TCS on such supply and would be required to obtain registration in each State / Union Territory (UT).

“If the foreign e-commerce operator does not have physical presence in a particular State / UT, he may appoint an agent on his behalf,” it added.

Clarifying on when e-commerce operators will have to collect the tax at source, CBIC said TCS is to be collected once supply has been made through the operator and where the business model is that the consideration is to be collected by the operator irrespective of the actual collection of the consideration.

Giving an example, the CBIC said if the supply has taken place through the e-commerce operator on 30 October but the consideration was collected in November, then TCS has to be collected and reported in the statement for October.

The CBIC said every operator will be required to furnish a statement electronically, containing the details of outward supplies of goods or services effected through it, including the supplies of goods or services returned through it, and the amount collected by it as TCS during a month within 10 days after the end of the month in Form GSTR-8.

“The operator is also required to file an annual statement by 31 December, following the end of the financial year in which the tax was collected in Form GSTR-9B,” it added.

The CBIC also said any authority not below the rank of Deputy Commissioner may serve a notice requiring the operator to furnish the details of their supplies of goods or services or both as well as stock of goods held by the suppliers within 15 working days of the date of service of such notice.


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