State

FPAI, Nagaland branch webinar on cervical cancer

DIMAPUR | Publish Date: 9/3/2020 12:46:59 PM IST

FPA India (FPAI), Nagaland branch organised webinar on the topic “cervical cancer” on September 2 with consultant obstetrics and gynaecologist, Dr. Nounenuo Terhase as resource person.

A press release by FPA India Nagaland branch programme officer, Akangkokla Namo stated that Dr. Terhase in her presentation explained that cervical cancer caused by human papilloma virus (HPV) was one of the most common cancers among women. 

She explained that almost all sexually active individuals were infected with HPV at some point in their lives and some may be repeatedly infected. 

However, persistent infection with specific types of HPV may lead to precancerous lesion and if untreated, these lesions may progress to cervical cancer, she informed. 

Dr. Terhase mentioned that some risk factors included use of tobacco and smoking, women with multiple pregnancies, multiple sexual partners, early age of onset of sexual activity, and the incidences of cervical cancer are more common in women from low socio-economic group of population. She said that there might not be major symptoms at early stages but some of the common symptoms as it progressed were vaginal bleeding, increased vaginal discharge, difficult passing of urine and stool and lower abdomen pain.

Stressing on the types of screening test i.e., pap smear, visual inspections with acetic acid (VIA), HPV DNA test, she cited that VIA can be carried out by nurses and ASHAs after they are trained and it was also cost effective. 

She stated that in order to prevent cervical cancer, the primary method was education about safe sex and human papilloma virus vaccination for girls between 9-14 years, while secondary prevention was screening and treatment of precancerous diseases. 

She further added that the cervical cancer has various stages and the treatment differed in each stage, where if the cancer is detected at an early age it can be treated by simple surgical method and the later stage involves surgical removal, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.

Dr. Terhase further urged women of 30 years and above to undergo screening test for precaution.

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