Post Mortem

Has there been Peace in Nagaland?

By Nagaland Post | Publish Date: 5/9/2019 12:16:49 PM IST

 (From previous issue)

(c) Do they believe in political negotiation? Let us learn from what AZ Phizo, the father of Naga Nation had planned to do for the Nagas. Quoting from his Interview by M J Akbar which was published by Sunday Magazine on 20th November, 1977 “But whether it is Mrs. Gandhi or anyone else, a settlement will have to be made and that is possible only when both parties sit down together and go into the matter deeply”. Unquote. From the book ‘Phizo and Media, the 2nd Edition by Zapuvisie Lhousa at page 18. Or do they believe that Naga sovereignty will rain down from heaven like Manna? 

How to bring peace into Nagaland? The peace I am talking about is the oxygen for progress and prosperity. Till we get the real peace, the economic growth will remain slow. Rather its growth will remain redundant or will be retrogressing. To me, there are no alternative options available with the Nagas to have genuine peace either here in Nagaland or elsewhere. The only option is political solution to ongoing political negotiations. Reiterating that the adverse impacts on peace in Nagaland can be greatly mitigated only by reducing the number of governments. When, by any means, we reduce 10 governments to a single government, the tax burden on the common man will be definitely lifted which will consequently have positive ramifications on the living condition of the people. The orders and directives for most of the issues from multiple authorities will be drastically reduced to minimum confusion resulting to clarity. I strongly believe that by that solution there can be immense transformation from the position of uncertainties to a future of hope and reassurance. I am confident that the very solution can bridge the existing chasms of mistrust and egocentrics by which the Nagas can make the erstwhile Naga solidarity revisit. The genuine peace can therefore be born by solution alone.

The NSCN(IM) entered into political negotiation with GOI 21 years ago with pre-conditions that the dialogue would be at the highest political level, that the dialogue would be in the third country and that the GOI would not engage any other NNPG for simultaneous dialogue till their negotiation is finalised. I believed that NSCN(IM) had determination to bring its negotiation to a logical conclusion on time for the purpose of which its entered into the dialogue. However, I am to question why NSCN(IM) has adopted this strategy of indefinite process of negotiation? Whatever justifications the NSCN(IM) has, the 2 decades negotiation cannot be convincing no matter how intricate the issues may be. I am made to believe now that NSCN(IM) is apprehensive about solution out of its negotiation. In other words, I tend to observe that NSCN(IM) is not willing to have solution. Is NSCN(IM) satisfied with negotiation only? Does NSCN(IM) accept negotiation to be the logical conclusion? If not, what is not resolvable when the Framework was signed in 2015 under the Constitution of India? The way the chief negotiator of NSCN(IM) manoeuvres the negotiation tilts more towards opening of Pandora’s box which is not pragmatic. Secondly, what I talk about those utopians are using negative parlance against solution. These utopians never identify themselves to be pro-NSCN(IM), and yet what justifications they uphold and the delaying strategy of NSCN(IM) are of the two sides of a coin. 

The Working Committee comprising 7 NNPGs are reported to have resolved all the contentious issues and are now ready for signing the solution under the Constitution of India. Thus, both the Naga negotiating groups have agreed to have solution within the ambit of Indian Constitution. It is now for GOI to work out a solution out of two negotiations as intended. 

The formation of the new Govt. in Delhi after 23.5.2019 is imperative. If NDA retains power, perhaps the Interlocutor RN Ravi, being an old hand in handling the issues, may remain as I believe. If not, I do not know what would be the new arrangement under the new dispensation. Nevertheless, I believe, no Govt. in Delhi can afford to ignore the ongoing political negotiations. It is left to the Nagas as to whether we want to have peace or continue with the status quo. I still uphold the philosophy of something better is better than the status quo and definitely better than nothing. 


Z. Lohe

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