Irony of deluge

By Nagaland Post | Publish Date: 8/11/2018 12:31:35 PM IST

 Almost all parts of India are presently experiencing monsoon deluge which has left trails of death and devastation till mid August 2018 and the torrential rains are continuing. According to reports, so far around 700 people have died and several thousands rendered homeless due to massive floods, landslides and devastations brought by the torrential rains that lashed various parts of India. However, the irony is that despite such massive deluge all over India, weather reports fear that monsoon 2018 will be deficit. Interestingly, Monsoon 2018 which made a grand entry, with country witnessing surplus rains during the first half of June. Tables turned during the other half, with Monsoon rains taking a break. However, few pockets did saw vigorous Monsoon during that time. The vigorous rains resulted in fury which was experienced by people in Maharashtra, Gujarat, UP, Haryana, Assam, and north eastern parts of the country. Mumbai which is India’s financial hub in particular faced heavy losses in terms of damages to properties. A report by the ministry of Earth Science cites that, the monsoon season (June to September) rainfall for the country as a whole is likely to be 97 percent of the Long Period Average (LPA)with a model error of ±4 percent. Region-wise, the season rainfall is likely to be 100 percent of LPA over North-West India, 99 percent of LPA over Central India, 95 percent of LPA over South Peninsula and 93 percent of LPA over North-East India with a model error of ± 8 percent. The predictions were not off target as it indicates that the monthly rainfall over the country is likely to be 101 percent of its LPA, which is quite a high and optimistic prediction. Some states have been receiving more than their due share of rains such as in Kerala and Karnataka where sluice gates of dams had to be opened to drain off excess water. A record number of dams have been opened after torrential monsoon rain left more than two dozen people dead in south western India. Excess rains were recorded in Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Kerala. All these are not unexpected but still, the issue of preparedness and disaster management are issues that need to reach a higher degree of competency. The world is warming because humans are emitting heat-trapping greenhouse gases, a fact which science has established. The simple reason for the climate getting warmer and precipitating more rains is due to the principle that warmer air holds more water vapor. The amount of moisture that can be held in air grows very rapidly as temperatures increase. The implication is that if climate change, driven by increasing greenhouse gases from human activity, increases the heat content of the ocean, storms passing over it will be able to draw ever more moisture that they can unload as rain. This may cause more intense rainfalls and snow events, which lead to increased risk of flooding. At the same time warmer air can also evaporate more water quickly from surfaces. This means that areas where it’s not precipitating dry out more quickly. Unless strict compliance on global climate change to protect the environment by drastically reducing emissions of chemicals and pollutants is done, the changes being witnessed through changing climatic winds, oceanic currents and rising heat and humidity, will be signs of humans hastening their own doom.

Launched on December 3,1990. Nagaland Post is the first and highest circulated newspaper of Nagaland state. Nagaland Post is also the first newspaper in Nagaland to be published in multi-colour.

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