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Manasa Roga (mental disorders) - Care by Ayurveda

Manasa Roga (mental disorders) - Care by Ayurveda
By Nagaland Post | Publish Date: 8/25/2019 12:00:00 AM IST

 “Just because you can't see mental illness like you could see a broken bone, doesn't mean it's not as detrimental or devastating to a family or an individual.” -Demi Lovato

The meaning of the word “Ayurveda” is self explanatory (Ayu=Life, Veda= Science). Life has been described as the complex combination of Body (Sarira), Senses (Indriyas), Mind (Sattva) and Soul (Atma). Ayurveda, an ancient system of medicine, primarily concerned with the preventive aspects of health for the well being through the concepts of positive physical and mental health. Management of mental disorders or psychological medicine was an area of specialization even during Acharya Charaka‟s time (500 B.C.).

 In recent years, the incidence of psychosomatic diseases has shown a tremendous increase throughout the world, especially in western affluent society, where most of the infectious and nutritional causes of ill health have been completely eradicated, but the psychosomatic disorders are emerging as a greater and growing challenge before the medical profession. Psychotherapeutics does not meet properly for therapeutic possibilities for majority of patients with mental health problems but herbal remedies are ultimate therapeutic hope for such patients. Many synthetic drugs because of many unwanted but unavoidable side effects have poor patient compliance. Therefore herbal treatment is being preferred over conventional treatments. Much attention and so scope is drawn towards herbal remedy of many brain disorders.

Mental Disorders described in Ayurveda- 

• Unmada – Insanity

• Apasmara- Epilepsy

• Avasada- Depression

• Chitto Udvega- Anxiety neurosis

• Manasa Mandata- Mental Retardation

• Atatva abhinevisha- Obsessive Disorders

• Madatyaya – Intoxication

PROBLEMS OF MODERN LIFE-STYLE:

• Stress- physical, mental, emotional.

• Health problems- physical, mental and emotional diseases (including psychosomatic disorders).  

• Disturbd family relations.

• Violence & cruelty. 

• Corruption/ dishonesty/ immorality.

• Drug addiction.

• Neglect of law & order and ethical, moral and social discipline.

Methods of healing- 

1. Daivavyaprashya Chikitsa

a) Niyama- Regulations

b) Prayaschita-Atonement

c) Upavasa-Fasting.

2. Yukti Vyapashraya (Medicines)

(a) Antah Parimarjana: 

• Shodhana: Cleansing (Panchkarma & Mild purgation , therapeutic Emesis & Purgation in Pitta & Kaphja type).

• Shamana: Palliative (Medhya Rasayanas, Diet etc.

(b) Bahir Parimarjnana: Murdha Taila, Ahyanga, Shirodhara.

(c) Satvavajaya Cikitsa (Psychotherapy) Aim is to augment the sattva guna in order to correct the imbalance in state of rajas (passion) and tamas (inertia).

UNMADA (SCHIZOPHRENIA) : According to Acharya Charak Unnmad, is the manasvyadhi is which understood as the unsettled condition of the Manas (mind), Buddhi (understanding), Samjna (consciousness), Gnana (perception), Smriti (memory), Bhakti (inclination), Sheela (character), Chesta (behaviour), and Achara (conduct) .

Schizophrenia disorders are characterized in general by fundamental and characteristic distortions of thinking and perception, and affects that are inappropriate or blunted. Clear consciousness and intellectual capacity are usually maintained although certain cognitive deficits may evolve in the course of time.

UNMAD TYPES: Five types of Unmad 

• Vataj Unmad

• Pittaja Unmad

• Kaphaja Unmad

• Sannipataja Unmad 

• Agantuja Unmad.

SCHIZOPHRENIA TYPES: There are four sub types of schizophrenia. 

• Catatonic type schizophrenia

• Paranoid type schizophrenia

• Disorganised type schizophrenia

• Residual type schizophrenia.

APASMAR (EPILEPSY): Ayurveda explains imbalance in the three doshas vata, pitta and kapha singly or all of them together can cause Apasmar Aggravated doshas get accumulated in hridaya and produce the features based upon Doshic predominance, which cause illusion of the mind and visual hallucination and seizures (tonic spasms and clonic jerks). Often it is presented with outwarding tongue, deviation of the eyes, dribbling of saliva with froth, tonic and clonic movements of limbs.

Epilepsy is a condition where there is a transient loss of consciousness in the patient for a certain period of time which may vary from few seconds to few minutes with or without falling down.

APASMAR TYPES: Four types of Apasmar 

1) Vataja Apasmar

2) Pittaj Apasmar

3) Kaphaja Apasmar

4) Sannipataja Apasmar

EPILEPSY TYPES: 

1) Partial seizures (Focal Seizure)

a) Simple Partial Seizure

b) Complex Partial Seizure

c) Partial Seizure With Secondary Generalization.

2) Generalized seizures

a) Generalized Tonic Clonic Seizure (Grand Mal Epilepsy)

b) Absence Seizure (Petit Mal Epilepsy)

c) Atonic Seizure.

d) MyoclonicSeizure (Myoclonic Jerk)

e) Others: Atypical Absence Seizure, Infantile Spasm.

The in-depth explanations with treatment according to Ayurveda of the two diseases will be discussed in the coming issues.

NOTE: Ayurvedic medicines and treatments should be taken under Qualified Ayurvedic Doctor/Physician. The drugs described in this article are for general information/educational purpose only. Anyone should not use these without consulting a qualified Ayurveda doctor/physician. The dose and duration of the treatment may be decided by the physician according to the condition of the patient. 

 Dr. Imlikumba, Medical Officer (Ayurveda), North Eastern Institute of Folk Medicine(NEIFM),  Ministry Of AYUSH, Govt. of India, Pasighat: Arunachal Pradesh imlikumba@gmail.com

 

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