NVBDCP issues Dengue prevention guidelines

NVBDCP issues Dengue prevention guidelines
DIMAPUR | Publish Date: 8/20/2018 10:08:31 AM IST

The National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP) has been working to contain dengue by undertaking various entomological and awareness activities.

A press release from NVBDCP joint director & SPO, Dr. Talitemsula stated that with the early onset of Dengue in Dimapur as compared to the past years, the NVBDCP has been making its best efforts. However, a recent study conducted by the entomological wing in various localities of Dimapur found that the container index (which refers to the number of dengue mosquito population in containers houses like in water reservoirs, empty vessels, flower pot bases, buckets, tyres etc) was still very high. This, the release stated, confirms that the community/public have failed in their part to prevent dengue.

Dr. Talitemsula said that the aedes aegypti mosquito (Pictured) is a ‘synanthropic’ species – much like houseflies and cockroaches – that benefit from artificial habitats created where people live. Unless every household actively participates in controlling dengue breeding in and around their surroundings, combating dengue disease only through the endeavours of the programme alone was futile. 

NVBDCP fervently appealed to the community and public to observe “one dry day in a week” where water in all the containers around the house like flower pot bases, empty vessels, coolers, tyres, buckets etc. are emptied out into a dry area because dengue mosquitoes breed in stagnant clean water and the eggs hatch in a week. 

It asked to keep all water filled vessels and tanks tightly covered and throw out any rubbish lying around like plastic cups, old containers, tyres, coconut shells etc. and check around the compound every week.

NVBDCP asked the people to ensure that that everybody sleeps under mosquito nets, especially pregnant women and children, both during the day and night. It also appealed to the people to immediately consult a doctor for cases of high fever. 

Dengue facts
• Dengue is a viral disease.
• Dengue is transmitted by the bite of Aedes mosquito.
• The mosquito bites during day time.
• Humans develop the disease after 5-6 days of being bitten by an infective mosquito.
• Dengue occurs in two forms:
- Dengue Fever (DF) & Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF)
• Sudden onset of high fever.
• Severe headache.
• Pain behind the eyes which worsens with eye movement.
• Muscle & joint pains.
• Loss of sense of taste & appetite.
• Measles like rash over the chest & upper limbs.
• All age groups & both sexes are affected.
• Deaths occur more in children.
• Dengue fever is caused by the bite of the Aedes mosquito.
• When the mosquito bites a person with Dengue fever, it picks up the germs of the disease along with the blood.
• This germ known as dengue virus develops within the mosquito in a few days.
• When this mosquito bites a healthy person, it introduces the germs into the blood.
• After a few days the person becomes sick with high fever and other symptoms of dengue.
• Aedes mosquito breed in any type of man-made containers or water storage containers with even a small quality of water like desert coolers, water storage containers, tyres, overhead tanks, drums, jar, buckets, flower vases, plant saucers, tanks, bottles, tin, roof gutters, refrigerator drip pans, cement blocks, cemetery urns, bamboo stumps, tree holes and many more places where rain water collects or is stored.
• Eggs of mosquitos can live without water for more than 1year.
• All water storage containers should be covered.
• Remove/ destroy all disposable, unused materials lying in and around the house, like old tyres, broken pots, crockery etc.
• Dry all water storage utensils, water coolers, flower vases, water vessels for birds and animals, fridge trays at least once a week before re-filling.
• Fill up ditches and other unwanted water collection sites around the houses.
• Put insecticides, petrol, k. oil, in coolers, containers etc once a week, which cannot be emptied or cleaned.
• Introduce Larvivorous fish in stagnant water bodies, contact Asstt. Director UMS Dimapur.
• Wear clothes that cover the whole body during day time.
• Use appropriate wire mesh in doors and windows of the house.
• Ensure that at least pregnant women and children sleep under mosquito nets during day time, preferably insecticide treated bed nets.
• Insecticide treated mosquito nets are more effective as they kill mosquitoes as well as other bugs and insects. 
• Use mosquito repellent lotion, creams like good-knight, odomos etc.
• If there is any suspected case which matches the signs and symptoms described above, contact the nearest hospital. Facility for testing is available for free at District Hospital, Dimapur. 


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