Post Mortem

On 65th Death Anniversary of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar

By Nagaland Post | Publish Date: 12/6/2021 1:33:12 PM IST

 (From previous issue)

Reservations are just part of affirmative action. Even US, Japan, Russia have affirmative action which gives equality measures to some race, minorities or tribes. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was never against any religion they were against social discrimination and socially wrong things. He even many time criticized about Islam; he once said that while Islam speaks of “brotherhood”, the practice of slavery and caste discrimination were rampant in Muslim society in South Asia, such as the Ashraf/Ajlaf caste divide and the severe discrimination against the Arzal castes or Dalit Muslim untouchables. Thus it states that he was highly critical of the practice of the untouchability in Indian Muslim Society and was speaking of reforming social evils both in Hinduism and Muslim society. But the irony is that many people still wants to see his great contribution through the mirror of Reservation and appeasement towards dalit. He is considered to be “Architect of Modern India” or “Father of modern India” because of his robust economic policies which have saved India even in the times of great Economic Depressions. Be it the founding guidelines of the RBI or the Principles of Free Trade, Dr. Ambedkar has given all the best for our Nation. 

Many other contribution of Babasaheb Ambedkar for building nation like as:

Reduction in Factory Working Hours (8 hours duty): Today the working hours in India per day is about 8 hours. Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar was the Savior of Labors in India. He brought 8 hours duty in India and change the working time from 14 hours to 8 hours became a light for workers in India. He did this in 1942 by confronting britishers policies towards Indian labors and peasants.

Indian Factory Act.

National Employment Agency (Employment Exchange)

Employees State Insurance (ESI): ESI helps the workers with medical care, medical leave, physically disabled during working injuries as compensation Insurance for providing various facilities. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar enacted and brought it for the benefit of workers. Actually India only brought ‘Insurance Act’ as the first nation among the East Asian countries. Credit goes to Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar.

RBI was conceptualized as per the guidelines, working style and outlook presented by Dr Ambedkar

Now there are many other things like Hindu code bill, trade union etc. from which Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar contributed for betterment of whole nation. This type of his contribution effectively affects each and every citizen of India till today whether he is SC, ST,OBC, uppercaste, Muslim or Buddhist. Thus he never gave any particular community edge or preferred some community more. He just gave each and every person equal rights irrespective of gender, religion, caste, creed or society.

Scheduled Caste Welfare in India

Scheduled castes are those castes/races in the country that suffer from extreme social, educational and economic backwardness arising out of age-old practice of untouchability and certain others on account of lack of infrastructure facilities and geographical isolation, and who need special consideration for safeguarding their interests and for their accelerated socio-economic development. These communities were notified as Scheduled Castes as per provisions contained in Clause 1 of Article 341 of the Constitution.

Constitutional mechanism for upliftment of Scheduled Castes

The deep concern of the framers of the Constitution for the uplift of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes is reflected in the elaborate constitutional mechanism set-up for their uplift.

Article 17 abolishes Untouchability.

Article 46 requires the State ‘to promote with special care the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people, and, in particular, of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes, and to protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation.

Article 335 provides that the claims of the members of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes shall be taken into consideration, consistently with the maintenance of efficiency of administration, in the making of appointments to services and posts in connection with the affairs of the Union or of a State.

Article 15(4) refers to the special provisions for their advancement.

Article 16(4A) speaks of “reservation in matters of promotion to any class or classes of posts in the services under the State in favour of SCs/STs, which are not adequately represented in the services under the State’.

Article 338 provides for a National Commission for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes with duties to investigate and monitor all matters relating to safeguards provided for them, to inquire into specific complaints and to participate and advise on the planning process of their socio-economic development etc.

Article 330 and Article 332 of the Constitution respectively provide for reservation of seats in favour of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes in the House of the People and in the legislative assemblies of the States. Under Part IX relating to the Panchayats and Part IXA of the Constitution relating to the Municipalities, reservation for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in local bodies has been envisaged and provided.

The Constitution of India has prescribed, protection and safeguards for the Scheduled Castes (SCs), Scheduled Tribes (STs) and other weaker sections; either specially or the way of insisting on their general rights as citizens; with the object of promoting their educational and economic interests and removing social disabilities. These social groups have also been provided institutionalized commitments through the statutory body, the National Commission of SCs. The Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment is the nodal Ministry to oversee the interests of the Scheduled Castes.

Anybody who reads the Assembly to debates will be struck by Dr. Ambedkar’s keenness to place on the Statute Book as many laws benefiting the labour as possible. Whatever measures taken by him was never delayed. He also never indulged those in any controversial issues. Some decisions are the out come of a long process, some show results much later. Undoubtedly, Dr. Ambedkar will and should be long remembered, because of his efficient contribution and work he had done. His work is no longer remaining in pen and paper. What is most worthy is the action. As the clichés goes on: “Action speaks louder than words.” His experiences made him raise the slogan ‘Educate, Organise and Agitate to liberate the oppressed and restore their deprived rights. Dr. Ambedkar was born in 14th April of 1891 and died on 6th December of 1956. People very respectfully called him ‘Babasaheb’.

Jai Bhim****** Jai Bharat *****

(Concluded)

Dr. Kulendra Patni Ambedkar

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