Post Mortem

Remembering Matikhrü massacre

By Nagaland Post | Publish Date: 9/5/2018 12:15:31 PM IST

 Matikhrü is a small Pochury village under Meluri sub-division, Phek District, Nagaland. In 1960, it was a village of about 15 houses only. The village is bordering with north Ukhrul District of Manipur, and close to Nagaland Myanmar (erstwhile Burma ) border. The village is about 61 km away from Phek District Headquarter and 172 km away east of the capital Kohima.

58 years ago, on the 14th of August 1960, the Naga Home Guards from the Sema region under the command of General Zuheto Sema, Eastern Command came and attacked an Indian Army camp called “Thuda Camp” of 14th Assam Rifles at Phor village. From a book titled “Strange Country” authored by Mr. Zhapuvisie Lhousa page- 230, 236 and another book “Nagaland and India” by Mr. Kaka D. Iralu pages-141, 142 we find this story. Before the attack all the five bridges leading into Meluri division were destroyed; thus, reinforcements from other areas were not possible. The Naga Home Guards had surrounded and over-powered the camp for thirteen days. Water supply was out off, rations and ammunitions in the camp were exhausted. Then, the Indian Air Force Dakota planes kept on coming dropping rations, arms and ammunitions to the Phor Assam Rifles post. Taking the opportunity the Naga Home Guards had seized a lot of arms and ammunitions including the dropped rations. In the tussle, three Indian Army personnel: 1 Lance Naik, 1 wireless operator and 1 soldier were killed. When they were just about to overrun the outpost, heavy reinforcements came in from the Ukhrul and Meluri, so the attackers were forced to leave. Meanwhile as the three Dakota planes continued droppings arms and ammunitions, Lieutenant Thanizhe Sema and his troops fired upon the aircraft on the August 26. All the three Dakota planes were shot. One Dakota flew towards Burma and crashed into the thick forest. Another could reach Jorhat again but with damages. The third Dakota plane made its slow descend and landed on the bank of Tizu river at Zathsü somewhere in the Meluri Village land area.

The Naga Home guards under the command of Col. Thorpa and Capt. Thokwüma went and captured the Dakota plane Pilot Flight Lieutenant Anand Singha and his associates numbering nine (9) in all. Their names and designations are as follows:

 

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