Post Mortem

Special education the basic needs for differently abled persons

By Nagaland Post | Publish Date: 2/14/2019 12:33:28 PM IST

Special Education is a system of education where special needs children is given education in a way that addresses their individual differences, abilities and strength by the Special Educator.
In a democratic nation the development of the abilities and skills of each person is considered a human rights and it becomes the duty of the nation, society, educationists parents and the government to provide special education for those children who have exceptional abilities and potentialities which varies from one person to another in their nature of learning and category of the PWDs.
Education is a basic birth rights of every child and in compliance with the United Nation Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) Act 2016 of Article 24 mentioned that the States Parties shall recognize the rights of persons with disabilities to education. With a view to realizing this equal opportunities, protection of rights and full participation, states parties shall ensure an Inclusive system of Education at all levels and lifelong learning. It has been directed for the full development of human potential and sense of dignity and selfworth, and the strengthening of respect for human rights, fundamental freedoms and human diversity. Further, the RPWD Act emphasized on the development by persons with disabilities of their personality, talents and creativity, as well as their mental and physical abilities, to their fullest potential for enabling them to participate effectively in a free society.
The RTE Act 2009, which came into force on 1st April 2010 had clearly stated to provide for free and compulsory education to children in the age group of 14 to 16 years of elementary education. With the combined RTE-SSA flagship programme that have ensured every child with special needs, irrespective of the kind, category and degree of disability, will be provided meaningful and quality education. One of the main objective of the Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Inclusive Education for Disabled at Secondary Stage (IEDSS) which was replaced in place of IEDC is to enable the Disabled children who have completed eight years of elementary education to continue their education at the secondary stage class ix to xii in an inclusive environment in regular schools.
Specially Needs Children (SNC) are those whose needs are very different from those of the majority of children in society. Those children deviate from average or normal children in their physical, mental, social, emotional, academic and learning nature. They have the capacity to learn but in a different way and since every special children learned in a different way comprehensive assessment and early intervention must be initiated in every possibilities for striving towards achievement and independent living.
Special Education programme involves the individually planned, systematically monitored, arrangement of teaching procedures, adapted equipments, materials and accessible settings. These interventions will generate a higher level of achievement in the academic and in the community to persons who have Intellectual Impairment, Locomotor Disabilities, Cerebral Palsy, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Specific Learning Disabilities, Visual Impairment, Deafblindness Hearing Impairment or Hard of Hearing and other disabilities identified and recommended under the RPWD Act 2016. As the special education focuses not only to PWD or CWSN but it’s a needs of any children and persons who have difficulties with learning. It will benefit and empower themselves that they are also a part of the non-disabled children as the special education aims the integration or mainstreaming the CWSN into the regular system of education. This system will bring not only benefit to the children but families and societies will be more integrated into the community, opportunities to spread awareness and barrier free environment without discrimination.
The latest trends of the systems and policies of education under the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of School Education and Literacy, Government of India, has proposed the school education to be holistic without segmentation from Pre-Nursery to Class X11. Thereby, subsuming the three schemes of education policy under one banner which is known as SAMAGRA SHIKSHA ABHIYAN. The vision of this scheme is to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education at all levels in accordance with the Sustainable Development Goal SDG) for education. The gender disparities in education and ensure equal access to all levels of education and Vocational Training for the vulnerable, including persons with disabilities, indeginous peoples and children in vulnerable situations by 2030.
At the present scenario, comparing with the rest of the other states of India, Nagaland state is one of the least state and inadequate in terms of quality, network coverage in the area of disability and rehabilitation services and programmes. Some of the NorthEastern states in India like Assam, Meghalaya, Auranachal Pradesh and Manipur, the government are performing in an advance mode in the disabilities sector. Their states government had established the training institutes for teacher offering intensive courses in disabilities, rehabilitation centre, CRC, CBR, building equitable infrastructures with universal design model recruitment of the resource teachers and special educators etc educating the society and bringing out from the old traditional believes and stigma.
However, in Nagaland so called the christian states, the larger population of the persons with special needs (29,631,  according to 2011 census) are often neglected, humiliated and looked down upon, and the reason being lack of awareness and empathy. It is undeniable fact to mentioned that denying the rights of the disabled persons means denying the human rights and values which is an offensive and punishable with the imprisonment upto the certain extent according to the Act passed in the parliament. Hence, it is the duty of every individual, parents, society, special educators, government, various organisations and civic as a whole to understand the human values, abilities, capacities and nature of the exceptional children to provide special education appropriate to suit their needs.

Launched on December 3,1990. Nagaland Post is the first and highest circulated newspaper of Nagaland state. Nagaland Post is also the first newspaper in Nagaland to be published in multi-colour.

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