Spurt in dengue cases in State

Staff Reporter DIMAPUR, AUG 21 (NPN) | Publish Date: 8/21/2018 11:16:38 AM IST


With another 26 new cases of dengue reported in Dimapur and Chümoukedima within a week, the total dengue cases rose from 47 earlier to 73 presently in Nagaland. Out of 73 confirmed dengue cases, Chümoukedima tops the list with 67 cases prompting officials to describe the situation in the area as epidemic.
Out of the 131 samples recently collected from both government and private hospitals, 26 tested positive for dengue, of which 22 are from Chümoukedima while the remaining are from Supply, Nagarjan, Kuda, Burma camp and Lingrijan colonies. These cases were confirmed by the Sentinel Surveillance Site Lab (SSSL) at District Hospital Dimapur (DHD).
Talking to Nagaland Post about the rise of cases, mostly from Chümoukedima, chief medical officer (CMO) Dr K Vikato Kinimi claimed the health department was doing its best, but said overall community participation was also required. He mentioned that the health department had discussed with Chümoukedima EAC on initiating certain social measures by collaborating with GBs and village councils. 
Kinimi said Nagaland Development Outreach, in collaboration with the health department, had called for observing one dry day in a week whereby all containers around the house like flower pots, flower vases, tyres, buckets, etc, were emptied and dried. The CMO said while the health department would continue playing its role in curbing the spread of the vector-borne disease, every household too should collectively participate in controlling dengue breeding ground in their surroundings. For combating dengue, only government intention would be futile, he added. 
Meanwhile, Urban Vector Borne Disease Scheme (UVBDS) assistant director Kikolul Khieya mentioned that around 20 staff was on the field studying the mosquito presence across eight colonies in a week and also studying presence of Aedis Aegypti larva. He said, as per the study, the container index was very high, confirming failure of the community and public to prevent dengue outbreak. He stressed public had to extend cooperation by cleaning their surroundings.
Dimapur district vector borne officer Dr Imtiwabong Aier said no cases of death had been reported till date and urged people not to panic but maintain cleanliness.
When contacted, EAC and Chumukedima administrator Thejavizo Nakhro claimed that in collaboration with health department awareness programmes and campaigns were being conducted with youth, mother, church and business communities, complemented by mass social work. 
Agreeing that something ought to be done to control the spread of disease before it became an epidemic, Nakhro remarked that everyone needed to be aware about dengue breeding grounds and keep the surroundings clean.
He said, if anyone was found having dengue symptoms, he or she should be immediately rushed to the hospital for treatment and that those who tested positive should undergo the ELISA Test at District Hospital in order for confirmation.
About ELISA IgM test, DHD blood bank in-charge Dr Temsu said it was a standard test adopted under National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP) for detecting IgM antibody to dengue virus. He explained that IgM antibody appears from third to fifth day of illness, peaks at two weeks and becomes undetectable after two or three months. 
This test kit is manufactured and quality controlled by National Institute of Virology, Pune, the country’s premier viral institute and issued free of cost for use in national programme. ELISA IgM dengue test is used as standard test in national programmes. Temsu said in Nagaland ELISA test was only available at SSSL DHD, which was manned by NVBDCP and was free of cost.


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