Surge in COVID cases fuelled by SSE: H&FW

Surge in COVID cases fuelled by SSE: H&FW
DIMAPUR, NOV 21 (NPN) | Publish Date: 11/21/2020 11:57:37 AM IST

Health & Family Welfare (H&FW) department on Saturday expressed serious concern at the rapid rise in COVID-19 positive cases in the State mainly due to super spreader events (SSE).

In its weekly report, the department said that the state recorded 970 infection this week, the highest ever spike in a single week. It said that the spike in cases were fuelled by super spreader events.

A superspreading event are gatherings in which a single infected individual can infect an “unusually high” number of people/secondary cases.

H&FW said that the past week recorded four super spreader events in the state-- in one government office 59 cases were reported, 47 cases in a district jail, 36 cases in government office-2 and 21 cases in post office. All the four events have happened in crowded and closed settings, it added.

The department said that 80/20 role in epidemiology states that 80% percent of cases come only from 20% of the infected and these 20% were responsible for explosive growth and sustained transmission.

Super spreading relies on more than one person, and it cannot happen in isolation. It takes a group of people that gather in such a way that increases the risk of transmitting the virus.

In this regard, the health department said that preventing future superspreader events in the state was one of the main pillars in containing the pandemic.

The department has appealed all to avoid closed settings, social events/gatherings etc. and to strictly follow the 3 W’s (Wear mask, Watch distance and Wash hands).

Though 64% of deaths were below the age of 60 years, the department expressed concern that there had been continuous increase in cases among 51-60 years age group in the past one week. Another worrisome case that has seen a 10% surge was positivity among symptomatic/ pre-op screening/ travel purposes coming to flu clinics.

It also said that the positivity rate among household contacts were 29% (1139/3952) and office goers at 25% (999/3952), which continues to be the highest.

Meanwhile, the sample positivity rate continued to be higher than the national average at 9.8%. 

The department explained that the high sample positivity rate could also point to more undetected cases in the population.

State COVID tally rises to 10674

Nagaland on Saturday reported 66 new COVID-19 positive cases-- 51 in Dimapur, 14 in Tuensang and 1 in Kohima, taking the total number of cases in the State to 10,674. 

Further, out of 10,674 positive cases, the distribution across various categories include 4420 from the armed forces/police, 1753 returnees, 3997 traced contacts and 504 frontline workers.

2  more deaths: Meanwhile, two more deaths were recorded on Saturday, taking the tally to 62. Out of 62 deaths, 51 were COVID-19 related, 5 under investigation and 6 deaths not due to COVID.

PTI: India’s COVID-19 cases mounted to 90,50,597 with 46,232 infections being reported in a day, while the death toll climbed to 1,32,726  with 564 new fatalities, the data updated at 8 am showed.

The number of active cases remained below five lakh for the eleventh consecutive day.


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