Post Mortem

Young generation should know 90 years of Naga freedom struggle

By Nagaland Post | Publish Date: 10/29/2019 12:28:17 PM IST

 When time was fully ripe, the Great Britain decided to give up her empire, the entire world. Thereby statutory commission was set up. The commission came to Kohima to know the opinion of the Nagas. Then the Naga Club gave memorandum on 10-1-1929, saying, “If British government however wants to throw us away, we pray that we should not be thrust to mercy of other people who could never be subjected. But to leave us alone to determine for ourselves as in ancient times”. In pursuance of the memorandum submitted, several representation was made to the authority of British government but to no avail. British used Naga people as their tool during WW1 and WWII at Kohima. But when Naga people approached the British authority, they became silent. The Naga people ask for fish but British government gave snake (India). The Naga people ask for bread but they gave stone. After 68 years has passed, a journalist Mike Wood Grege interviewed Naga national workers and discern British government failure and he reported to BBC on 10-7-1997. He said, “if you are from Britain, with a great courtesy to convey to the queen a request that she should apologise on behalf of Great Britain for letting the Nagas down”. We are all aware that during first week of this month, the whole world lauded the greatness of Mahatma Gandhi at United Nation general assembly and awarded him highest humanitarian thinker. Whole India bowed down and honoured him as Father of Nation. 

Naga delegates met him at his Bhangi colony in Delhi on 19-7-1947, Naga people asked him “is might right” and he promptly replied “no” might is not right. I do not believe forced union. If you are not willing to join Indian union, you are free. 

Hence Naga people came back home and hoisted their national flag on 14th August 1947, one day ahead of India, and send cable to UNO Hq to put in record that “Nagas are independent nation”. But India used force till upto date. 

Right after India became independent, several talks were conducted. A. Hyder Ali, governor of Assam and Gn Bordoloi, honourable premier of Assam came to Kohima and nine point agreement was signed with NNC leaders, but some clarification was made. Then BN Rostomy, advisor to governor of Assam replied, “with reference to your letter dated 25 May 1948 to his excellency, the governor of Assam, I am directed by his excellency, the governor of Assam to state that the agreement is certainly to be implemented and that the mercenary to that end is already in motion. There was never, nor shall be any question of non-implementation of terms of agreement.”

The agreement of last point states that the governor of Assam as the agent of the government of Indian union will have a special responsibility for a period of 10 years, to ensure the observance of the agreement. At the end of this period, the Nagas will be free to decide their own future. But this agreement was ignored and India used force. Aftermath, the situation worsened, thereby plebiscite was conducted on 16 May 1951 with 99.99% for Naga independence. With this effect, Indian government send troops to Tuensang, eastern part of Nagaland in 1955, since then whole of Nagaland was turned into battlefield in the name of unlawful activities. Situation becam bad to worse, human rights was thrown to dust, tens of thousand people dies. Seeing the gravity of the situation, NBCC decided to jump in the fire and invited Rev. Michael Scott, a contemporary of M. K. Gandhi in South African struggle for apartheid, who also is peace maker of Namibia, German colonist who later was set free, Jaya Prakash veteran Indian freedom fighter and thinker, B P Chaliha chief minister of Assam. With high risk and difficulties, they toiled day and night to secure ceasefire on midnight of 6th September 1964. Six rounds of talk was conducted but was not able to get any breakthrough. Therefore they suggested government of India to send parliament members to see the opinion of Naga public. Fifteen senior MPs from all party came and visited Nagaland from 6-9 September 1965. After seeing the whole situation with massive Naga public agitation, MP Massani on behalf of visiting member of parliament reported to parliament session on 16-9-1965. Saying the tragedy in Nagaland is classical, a conflict not between right and wrong but between one right and another. On the one side is the Nagas demand for complete independence, voiced by the underground which calls itself the Naga Federal Republic and are a separate nation. They wish to be close to India but not part of India. They ask if Ireland can be independent of Britain, why Nagaland cannot be independent of India. They claim that since British occupation ended, except for during small intervals, the Indian armed forces have been let loose and thereby harassing their people and destroying their villages and churches with inevitable cruelties that accompany guerrilla warfare anywhere in the world. They wish to be friends but not subject of India. 

After this, 12 prime ministers have come and gone. They came and saw the problem but they did not touch, they shelf the problem in the same spot. Fortunately Narendra Modi government entrusted R. N. Ravi to solve 90 years Naga political issue. He is consistently handling the issue, patiently with IM group and NNPG for last few years, wrestling with problems. I believe God is on time and Naga people will see the light according to his purpose. Thereafter we support the peacetalk. 

Rev. Dr. V. K. Nuh


Launched on December 3,1990. Nagaland Post is the first and highest circulated newspaper of Nagaland state. Nagaland Post is also the first newspaper in Nagaland to be published in multi-colour.

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