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State launches artificial insemination in pigs

Staff Reporter DIMAPUR, OCT 7 (NPN)
Published on 7 Oct. 2017 11:58 PM IST
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Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Services (AH&VS) department, sponsored by Tata Trust, on Saturday launched the “artificial insemination” (AI) in pigs.
Speaking at the programme as chief guest, parliamentary secretary, AH&VS, S. Chuba Longkumer said it was a long awaited programme after framing the ‘pig breeding policy’ in collaboration with International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), National Research Centre on Pig (NRCP) and department of AH&VS under the sponsorship of Tata trust.
Longkumer stated that it was another landmark of the department as rearing of pigs and its consumption was a part of the culture.
Taking note of the high consumption of pork in the state and the imbalance in demand and supply, he said it was the endeavour of the government to narrow down the import level to zero by 2025 and attain a status of self-sufficiency by 2026 and export surplus by 2030 as outlined in ‘Nagaland Vision 2030’.
Longkumer informed that Nagaland had imported pigs for consumption to the tune of Rs. 73 crores during 2016-17. This made the state government push piggery production as a thrust area for development. He said funds under state plan, CSS, NEC including credit linkages were also focused towards piggery development so as to enable piggery farmers and entrepreneurs to participate in its production.
Longkumer said that at present, they require about 3 lakhs quality piglets for rural piggery farmers but that, they are unable to achieve the requirement. He also stated that if Prime Minister’s concept of doubling the farmers’ income by 2022 was to be achieved, the quantum of piglet to be produced within Nagaland needed to be increased by 2 to 3 folds.
In order to address all the shortcomings, Longkumer said Artificial Insemination was the only option for sustenance.
Every rural household rearing 1 to 2 pigs would have to be up-scaled to 4 to 5 pigs so that the state can achieve the targets within a particular time frame, he added. Longkumer hoped that with the usage of specific boar line they would be able to develop a known variety of Naga pigs having premium cuts, high productive and reproductive traits including efficient food conversion ratio, which in nature would create prospect of export as a part of Look East Policy. 
“By 2030, our vision is for Nagaland to be tagged as pork production hub of India and for that, we would need to start by today”, he said.
Speaking on the “importance of AI in pigs in Nagaland”, joint director V&AH, Dr. David highlighted its multiple benefits such as relaxing economic problems, feeding issues, diseases and production setbacks. He said that the department hoped the piggery farmers would self-suffice once they have been boosted and educated. 
“Nagaland rears more pigs as compared to other NE states and perhaps even more compared to the rest of India. Therefore, AI programmes should be appreciated and encouraged so as to boost the state in all areas”, he said. 
Earlier, the programme was opened with a welcome address and felicitation by CVO Dimapur, AH & VS, plan for piloting AI in pigs in Nagaland by scientist ILRI, Ram Deka, NRCP’s plan for pig development in NE India by principal scientist NRCP, Dr. Tamuli, ILRI’s plan for livestock development in NE India by regional representative ILRI South Asia, Dr. H Rahman, NEIDA’s  plan for funding pig development by North East Initiative Development Agency (NEIDA) projects Nagaland, Sentimongla Kechuchar, chairman’s remark by commissioner and secretary, AH & VS Nagaland, M.K Mero and vote of thanks by joint director, AH & VS, Dr. Temsu Ozukum, followed by practical displaying of AI in pig. 

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