Friday, October 7, 2022

AH&VS plea on Swine Fever

Animal husbandry & veterinary services (AH&VS) department has urged the general public, piggery farmers and pork consumers in the state to cooperate in containing the African Swine Fever (ASF).
The department said that without the support and cooperation of all concerned the disease was likely to spread across villages and districts causing a devastating effect on the pig population and severely impacting the economy of the State.
In this regard, the department has issued advisory requesting all responsible to report the death of pigs to the nearest Veterinary Health Centre for necessary sero-monitoring.
It has urged all responsible not to consume dead/diseased pigs, but carry out a deep burial method and subsequent sanitization.
The department has advised all concerned not to import live pigs for meat and piglets for breeding purposes from outside without knowing the health status.
Further, the AH&VS has urged all concerned to refrain from buying pork of unknown origin; maintain strict bio-security measures in the farms; practice usage of footbath at the entrance of the farm; vaccinate pigs against classical swine fever and avoid feeding with feeds, especially from hotels and other wastes which may be contaminated.
AH&VS department informed that confirmed cases of the occurrence of ASF in Longleng, Mokokchung and Phek districts have been established through “Nucleotide Sequencing” of PCR products and RTPCR from NIHSAD, Bhopal & NERDDL, Guwahati.
In view of this, the committee on ASF from the directorate office under the convenorship of Dr. K. Linyü, joint director along with Dr. Z. Mekro, deputy director and Dr. S. Amenla Walling Theunuo, deputy director visited the epicentres for initiating control, containment & eradication measures in-coordination with the officers in Mokokchung and Longleng on May 16 & 17, 2022 respectively.
As of now, the department said the disease was contained in Phek, and moderately contained in Longleng. However, the situation in Mokokchung was yet to be contained satisfactorily.
Unless swift action was taken in a coordinated effort, the department said high morbidity & mortality were going to create an acute shortage of local pigs in the coming months especially from October to December resulting in the high cost of pork in the market.
The department said that currently selective (epicentre) banning on imports was being practiced.
However, with the nature of the border porosity with the neighbouring States, the department said entry/import of live pigs from outside the State has become very difficult for the department to monitor.
As per the current epidemiological survey, the department said source of origin of the disease appeared to be from outside the State due to the high and rampant import of pigs (live pig and cut meat.
Therefore, in order to contain ASF in the State, the general public, piggery farmers and pork consumers have been requested to remain vigilant and follow the advisory.