Saturday, August 13, 2022

H&FW deptt issues advisory on monkeypox

As India reports second confirmed case of monkeypox from Kerala, the state Health & Family Welfare (H&FW) department Friday issued advisory on the prevention and management of monkeypox—a viral zoonotic disease.
In an advisory, principal director H&FW, Dr. K Vikato Kinimi, stated that monkeypox and smallpox come from the same virus family, called Orthopoxvirus. Monkeypox is a viral infection that originated in rodents and primates and transmitted to people.
The department informed that common symptoms of monkeypox include fever, skin rashes (starting from face spreading to arms, legs, palms and soles), lymph node enlargement, headache, muscle ache or exhaustion, sore throat and cough.
It said that typically, the virus is transmitted by contact with an infected animal’s body secretions or a bite.
It can be transmitted from human to human through direct physical contact (contact with bodily fluids, sexual contact or lesion material), indirect contact (through contaminated clothing or linens of affected person) and large respiratory droplets as a result of prolonged close contact.
Monkeypox could cause complications such as pain in the eyes or blurry vision, shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing, chest pain, altered consciousness and seizures and decrease in urine output.
H&FW department informed that certain high-risk populations were likely to be severely affected by Monkeypox including persons with significant co-morbidities and immunocompromised individuals.
In this regard, the department has issues guidelines to be followed if someone has monkeypox:
Isolate infected individual. Patient should be managed in isolation.
Minimize infected individual’s exposure to surrounding areas by covering their nose and mouth with a sheet or gown.
Inform immediate health facility.
Avoid contact with contaminated materials such as bedding, clothes or towels used by the infected individual.
Maintain hand hygiene using soap and water or alcohol-based sanitizers.


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