Monday, August 8, 2022

India needs a good education to match the potential of Industry 4.0

The world has witnessed four Industrial Revolutions; the most recent one is Industrial Revolution 4.0. The signals are such that transformation is foreseeable in all sectors including the education setting, making Education 4.0 the famous catchphrase among the experts of education today. What exactly is Education 4.0?
If we look at our past experience at how education has altered since the first industrial revolution, we might well understand the daunting task for students and teachers today. In 1780, there was little or no hope that children would have any education at all. People learned a skill, usually with on the job beginner training. Where it was present, education was for the rich. When the second revolution started industry needed trained workers, suddenly, an education was needed
Students came in with no knowledge, the teacher supplied them information in particular subjects and at the end of the session, the student assessment was done to evaluate if they remembered what they were taught. This encouraged a strict framework of study disciplines, education standards and ultimately consistent evaluation. The introduction of the computer did not change the original thinking behind our education system. Instead, education experts plainly took advantage of the technology and swapped educators with computers, facilitating training, learning and evaluation to be handled by machine. It can be deemed comparable to the substitution of labor-intensive jobs by machine-intensive jobs that arose as a revolution in the 21st Century. This means that Industry 4.0 will not only have an effect on industries but accordingly will change the way employment and education will be seen.
There are few trends related to this learning, it can be taken place anytime anywhere. E-Learning devices facilitate great prospects for far-flung, self-rate learning. Learning will be customized for each student. They will be introduced to next level only after a certain expertise is achieved. Students have a preference to decide how they want to learn. Students have the freedom to select the learning tools or techniques that they prefer. Students learning will be more project-based. By linking in the projects, they are working on their managerial, networking and time management skills which are handy in their future academic profession.
Students will be open to elements like data interpretation in which it is essential to apply their theoretical knowledge to numbers and use their reasoning skills to make presumption based on reason and trends from given data. In addition to this, students will be appraised differently and the conservative policy to evaluate students may become inappropriate. Students’ views will be considered in designing and updating the curriculum. Education 4.0 shifts major learning accountability from teachers to students. An average classroom will witness a major change in the next 5 to 7 years in terms of arrangement; flexible assignments will house multiple learning styles. India needs a high-class education to be able to match the potential of Industry 4.0. Educational institutions were by and large established by business groups and politicians than real academic experts keen to play a part in the growth of education in India. Education has to be reasonably priced and responsible; however, qualitative aspect is vital. Educational Institutes and industry personnel meet during the placement time, but they need to sit together time and again and decide on the demands of the industry.
Mamta Shukla is an academician in the field of management education.

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