Friday, October 7, 2022

Niti’s SECI-round 1: Nagaland among bottom three small states

Nagaland with 27.9 points has been ranked seventh—among bottom three performers– out of eight states, according to Niti Aayog’s State Energy and Climate Index (SECI), which is an indicator of a State’s performance with respect to six indicators including Discom performance, access, affordability and reliability as well as clean energy initiatives.
Overall, among the larger states, Gujarat, Kerala and Punjab were the top three performers, while the bottom three performers were Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh.
In the smaller states category Goa, Tripura, and Manipur were the top performers, while Meghalaya, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh were the bottom three performers (See table).
NITI Aayog vice chairman Dr. Rajiv Kumar and Chief Executive Officer Amitabh Kant Monday released the State Energy and Climate Index- Round One in Delhi.
NITI Aayog vice chairman said that this index that compares states and UTs across many indicators will encourage them towards energy transition, and all the necessary steps must be taken to achieve this. The index is based on 2019-20 data. Kumar further stressed on the need to convert the country’s efforts towards achieving the ‘Panchamrit’ targets announced by the Prime Minister at COP-26, Glasgow into a peoples’ movement.
NITI Aayog member V K Saraswat said synergy and partnership among the centre and the states will be critical for achieving energy and climate-related goals and making the country self-reliant in the energy sector.
He said that after extensive discussions with stakeholders, several key parameters have been identified to track and rank the performance of the states in this report.
The report said the state governments need to prioritise policies to facilitate inclusive growth by providing affordable, accessible, reliable, and sustainable energy to the citizens.
Energy being the centre-piece of any development process, the government needs to ensure access to sustainable and clean energy sources through various schemes, it added.
SECI (Round I) ranks the States’ performance on six parameters— DISCOM’s performance, access, affordability and reliability of energy, clean energy initiatives, energy efficiency, environmental sustainability and new initiatives. Parameters are further divided into 27 indicators. Based on the composite SECI Round I score, the States and UTs are categorised into three groups: Front Runners, Achievers, and Aspirants.
The country-level scores of each parameter are calculated as an average of the State-wise score for their respective parameters. The overall score for India works out to be 40.6. The average score at the national level for DISCOM’s performance is 56.8. The average scores for access, affordability and reliability, and environmental sustainability are 46.4 and 37.7, respectively.
For clean energy initiatives and energy efficiency, at the national level, the average scores are 22.2 and 29.1, respectively, while the all-India average score for new initiatives is 11.1.
Way forward: Through the SECI, the States can explore and benchmark themselves on various parameters. For instance, in terms of energy efficiency, larger States like Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra have done well, while in terms of Discom’s performance, two small UTs — Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli have done well.
The best practices for all indicators in better-performing states can be adopted by other States to improve their performance. SECI will help States to understand their performance across multiple parameters/indicators.