Post Mortem

Letter to panel committee members, Delimitation Commission

By Nagaland Post | Publish Date: 9/20/2020 12:36:19 PM IST

 Dear Sir,

Ranjana Prakash Desaiji, Hon’ble Fr. SC Judge

With sense of urgency as a brain storming to think tank and preface bird’s-eye view, I would like to chit down few points to be focussed while contemplating the Delimitation exercise particularly in Nagaland state whether in the event of final Naga Political Solution or without. The Delimitation for four North-eastern states and J&K UT was deferred due to security risks and an apprehension to PIL lodged in Guwahati High Court over the anomalies of 2001 general census enumeration in Nagaland state. But the rest of the States and UTs in the country had been delimited by 20 March 2002 except Jharkand State as it has been nullified till 2026 by inserting Section 10B into the Delimitation Act 2002 by the act of parliament as earlier recommendation of the Delimitation Commission to decrease the number of seats reserved for ST/SC in the State has been duly complaint by the Jharkand NGOs and backed by the political parties in the state.

Drawing attention to the present development of exercising the Delimitation in the State of Nagaland along with three others states of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur and J&K Union Territory for redraw of Lok Sabha and States ACs by Delimitation Commission under your kind Chairpersonship. Therefore, the panel Committee Members are requested to keep in mind and ponder upon the following points while doing the Delimitation in Nagaland: 

For last 5 decades the population in Dimapur valley and Kohima urban the capital city of the Nagaland State has been increased in a geometrical ratio. The excessive increases of population are due to an influx of none indigenous, none schedule tribe people in search of greener pastures and commercials and massive immigrants of Nagas of Nagaland from different districts for employment opportunity and business to Dimapur and Kohima. As per 1961 general census enumeration record, the Dimapur proper population was Fifteen thousand only. 

It is to note that, within 3 (Three) Square Kilometres area in Dimapur plain urban and Kohima urban has Twenty Five Thousand populations. Whereas, in the hill rural area of Nagaland has equal populations and the land mass is a minimum of two hundred Square Kilometres. Having cited above, the precedence reference to be noted that, the Arunachal Pradesh State has been allotted two Lok Sabha (MP) AC seats and the consideration has been made basing on land mass but the population density wise Nagaland state has been a double to Arunachal Pradesh state. And on the other hand, the Outer Manipur Lok Sabha (MP) AC has seven lakh populations only and this has been considered as tribal belt and hill sector. Comparatively speaking, Nagaland state is at lose as AP state had been allotted two MP seats basing on land mass, hill and tribal belt AC and Outer Manipur allotted MP seat as hill and tribal belt AC. Therefore, the case of Nagaland must be considered in MP AC seats allocation basing on population, Hill, tribal and underdeveloped area and State Assembly AC basing on land mass, geographical location and local people consanguinity. 

If the Assembly Constituency seat is for development of the local area, the land mass coverage, tribal bell, hill sector and under-developed area must be taken into special consideration.  And the plain urban and hill rural must be categorised and differentiated. Moreover, geographical, topographical and local affinity is core issue in the tribal people and the panel Committee members must keep in mind all those considerations. Moreover, this is has note that, the case of 4 (Four) NE states Delimitation exercise has been entrusted to Election Commission but contrary to that, it has been notified for Delimitation Commission 2020 to be delimited the left out States and it must be finalized by March 2021.

In the event of the conclusion of final Naga Political Solution and subsequent Delimitation exercise of parliament and State Assembly ACs seat, different yard stick must be applied. For instance, in Dimapur plain, urban and none ST and Kohima urban sector the total number of population must be Fifty Thousand per AC and the cut off mark percentage must be 50% below, which means total number of population must be Twenty Five Thousand in hill, rural and tribal belt sector per AC. For the case of Kohima District, the Northern Angami-II and proper Kohima town must come under the purview of Dimapur urban and plain AC population ratio. But the rest of the Kohima District ACs, they must become within the purview of hill, rural and ST sector.

Moreover, the Dimapur-1 AC has been earmarked specifically for none schedule tribe people and it must be properly and streamline and adhered by restricting schedule tribe people contesting in the Election. If not this none schedule tribe AC Dimapur-I became a mockery to the democracy but for the none schedule tribe people both for none local and none Nagaland Nagas, such as: Indians and Nepalis etc of permanent settlers at Dimapur and Nagaland from the time of Nagaland state creation, nominee posts must be created to be a member in the Upper House “Legislative Council” if proposed Bicameral structure is reality and it has to be implemented between the NSCNs and GoI in the event of the final Solution as per “Framed Work Agreement” and “Agreed in Positioned”

In above justifications and grievances, the panel Committee Members, Delimitation Commission 2020 for 4 (Four) North Eastern States and J&K UT, you are fervently appealed to examine the case of Nagaland and apply different yard stick in distribution the population in Lok Sabha and State Assembly ACs delimiting for the greater and common interest of the people and fair justice, failing which allotting the equal number of population to every AC then hill, rural and tribal sectors ACs will be shifted and transferred to within the 100 Square Kilometres area of Dimapur valley and 10 Square Kilometres sector of Kohima town from the hill and rural area of more than 15,000 SQ kilometres of Nagaland and majority will be victimised and at lose.

P. L. Leo Konyak

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