Mnp forest dept identifies seven natural lakes for conservation

Mnp forest dept identifies seven natural lakes for conservation
Migratory birds flocking at Yaralpat in Imphal East of Manipur.
Correspondent IMPHAL, JAN 3 | Publish Date: 1/3/2020 1:13:20 PM IST

Manipur forest department has identified seven severely deteriorated natural lakes which will be developed on war footing as parts of the state government’s effort to combat climate change.

The natural lakes are:  Waithoupat, Pumlenpat and Ikopat in Thoubal district, Utrapat in Bishnupur district, Yaralpat in Imphal East district, Zeilad in Tamenglong district and Khayang Kachongpung in Ukhrul district.

The seven natural lakes were among  17 existing natural lakes on the verge of extinction.

According to a survey conducted by the Remote Sensing Application Centre of Manipur, there are 17 lakes and two ox-bow lakes in the state. 

Largest number lakes are in Imphal and Thoubal districts. However there are also a number of smaller lakes which are termed as kom (pits). 

About 134 waterlogged marshy and swampy wetlands are in different districts. These areas are low lying, situated either in the peripheral area or vicinity of the lakes. 

Highest numbers of water logged areas are recorded in Imphal valley (69), followed by Thoubal (40) and Bishnupur district (21). There are two man-made reservoirs, one each in Senapati and Tamenglong districts.

State forest and environment minister Th Shyamkumar today said that the state government after taking stock of the deteriorating condition of natural lakes across the state, has decided to take up works to protect the lakes.

The department identified the seven lakes for  immediate attention to protect them from extinction. He said that these lakes were comparatively old with their own distinct characteristic life-span, topographic, physiographic as well as hydrologic features. 

These features have been closely related to the evolving geo-physical features of the state, he added. 

These lakes remained threatened due to artificial eutrophication and encroachment for cultivation and fish farming. 

The minister said that there were about 500 lakes in the valley of the state in the beginning of the 20th century. They have been reduced fast in the past few years and as a result, hardly 55 lakes were found existing in the state by 1950s. 

Loktak lake is the most important fresh water lake not only in the state but also in the North-east India. 


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