Study on local garlic at Yisemyong

DIMAPUR | Publish Date: 10/5/2020 1:15:39 PM IST

State Agriculture Research Station (SARS) Yisemyong, department of Agriculture has been conducting the study, “effect of different manures and fertilizers on growth and yield of local garlic”, since 2018 every rabi season.

A press release by joint director, Agriculture, SARS, Temsuinla Jamir stated that the study was conducted with an objective to promote integrated plant nutrient management system in garlic in order to maintain soil health, enhancing soil fertility and productivity.

Manures/fertilizers used in the study were nitrogen: phosphorus: potassium (NPK), wood ash & vermicompost, wood ash & annapurna (organic fert.), wood ash & pig manure, wood ash & vermiwash and 1 litre of vermiwash mixed with 5 litres of water for foliar spray. The release stated that wood ash contains potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, calcium and micronutrients which improve plant health, growth and yield, while application of vermicompost in garlic showed remarkable result in growth and health.

Annapurna, which has millions of beneficial NP and zinc mobilizing bacteria also contains pseudomonas and Trichoderma which act as bio-control agent to prevent diseases.

It also informed that pig manures, known as black gold aerates the soil, allow roots to penetrate easily, help retain moisture and add nutrients to plants, vermi wash has enzymes which stimulates the growth and yield of crops, promotes root growth and nutrient absorption, while NPK: nitrogen improves vegetative development of plants, phosphorous promotes root growth and increase disease resistance and potassium enables plants to resist diseases and other adverse conditions.

Meanwhile, from the studies conducted during rabi seasons at SARS Yisemyong for three consecutive years, all results showed significant effect on growth and yield of garlic.

However, application of vermicompost recorded highest yield followed by application of pig manure and vermiwash with all treatment having wood ash incorporated. In this, application of wood ash and vermicompost was recommended to farmers interested in organic cultivation of local garlic.

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