Post Mortem

Unplanned urbanization: a major problem in Dimapur

By Nagaland Post | Publish Date: 4/13/2021 1:21:25 PM IST

 The Dimapur District which is also known as the Commercial district of Nagaland is vulnerable to natural disaster such as flood and extreme temperature due to its plain topography. Unplanned urbanization in the region will create serious problems in the near future.

In the recent years we have witnessed floods in Dimapur district at unprecedented level, leaving many families homeless and jeopardizing the normal activities of the people to a large extent. Places located at the low-lying areas were submerged for few days Leading to the closure of schools , offices and business establishments, thereby adversely impacted the economy and other social aspects in the past .

Dimapur is growing at the unprecedented pace of development but the lack of proper Town planning at which the city is expanding is alarming. The city is still in a nascent stage of development and in the coming years there are more prospects of increasing economic activities attracting many Multinational Companies and Manufacturing Industries which is still lacking in the state hitherto.

With increasing deforestation for human settlements and economic development, it led to the rising of water level in the rivers like Dansari and Chathe which flows in the middle of the Dimapur City. Thus, it posses a serious threat and challenges to the people inhabiting on the bank of these rivers and surrounding areas.

Rampant construction of residential and commercial buildings without prioritizing proper outlets for common drainage system is another pressing concern which needs to be address by the community residing in a particular areas with concerted efforts and cooperation and a sense of responsibility to prevent flood and other natural calamities.

With the onset of monsoon which will soon arrive in the 1st week of June ,it is apprehensive to witness and encounter similar incident that took place few years ago or even more severe this time induced by human activities. Hence, proper Disaster Management Strategies and Mitigation Programs at the District and State level becomes indispensable to prevent losses and destruction in the coming days.

Nagaland is yet to enact Compensatory Afforestation Fund Act, 2016. This Act provides for setting up Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management And Planning Authority (CAMPA) at both central and state level to ensure expeditious and transparent utilization of amounts realised in lieu of forest land diverted for Non- forest purpose. The Amount collected to compensate the loss of forest can be utilize for Afforestation and other Disaster Mitigation actions. “Even a correct decision is wrong when it was taken too late “. Therefore, we must take a serious note with regard to this immediate threat which is inevitable and can cause irreparable damage to life and environment. It is a common responsibility and with the holistic approach of all the stakeholders including the State Government, Municipalities, CSOs and Individuals we can combat and mitigate this challenges with proper planning and coordination in the line of Sustainable Development Goals.

Susho kiho ,Dimapur.

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